We report the detection of pulsed gamma-rays from the young, spin-powered radio pulsar PSR J2021+3651 using data acquired with the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (formerly GLAST). The light curve consists of two narrow peaks of similar amplitude separated by 0.468 0.002 in phase. The first peak lags the maximum of the 2 GHz radio pulse by 0.162 ± 0.004±0.01 in phase. The integral gamma-ray photon flux above 100 MeV is (56±3±11) × 10-8 cm-2 s-1. The photon spectrum is well described by an exponentially cut-off power law of the form , where the energy E is expressed in GeV. The photon index is Γ = 1.5±0.1±0.1 and the exponential cut-off is Ec = 2.4±0.3±0.5 GeV. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The integral photon flux of the bridge is approximately 10% of the pulsed emission, and the upper limit on off-pulse gamma-ray emission from a putative pulsar wind nebula is < 10% of the pulsed emission at the 95% confidence level. Radio polarization measurements yield a rotation measure of RM = 524±4 rad m-2 but a poorly constrained magnetic geometry. Re-analysis of Chandra X-ray Observatory data enhanced the significance of the weak X-ray pulsations, and the first peak is roughly phase aligned with the first gamma-ray peak. We discuss the emission region and beaming geometry based on the shape and spectrum of the gamma-ray light curve combined with radio and X-ray measurements, and the implications for the pulsar distance. Gamma-ray emission from the polar cap region seems unlikely for this pulsar.
- Gamma rays: observations pulsars: general pulsars: individual
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science