Pyrosequencing analysis of bacterial species affected by ethanol-extract from activated sludge

Tao Su, Hiroyasu Satoh, Wataru Suda, Masahira Hattori, Takashi Mino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bacteria play a major role in removal of pollutants in activated sludge processes, but the reason why bacterial population changes is not yet clearly understood. This study focused on the chemicals produced by microorganisms in activated sludge. Chemical components in an activated sludge from a laboratory sequencing batch reactor (Lab SBR) was extracted with ethanol, and activated sludges from two sources, Lab SBR and a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) were incubated with and without the extracted chemicals. Incubation was performed on a microplate which has 96 wells and each of the well is regarded as a small activated sludge reactor. After 24 hours incubation, activated sludge samples were recovered, and their microbial populations were analyzed by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) targeting a partial 16S rRNA gene sequence followed by pyrosequencing. The results were preliminary, but clearly showed that bacterial population changed significantly when activated sludge was incubated with ethanol-extract addition. In addition, activated sludge from Lab SBR and WWTP were similarly affected by the extract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Water and Environment Technology
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Batch reactors
Sewage
activated sludge
ethanol
Ethanol
Wastewater treatment
Activated sludge process
Transcription
Microorganisms
Bacteria
Waste Water
Genes
Bacterial Physiological Phenomena
incubation
Population
analysis
microplate
rRNA Genes
Reverse Transcription
targeting

Keywords

  • Activated sludge
  • Bacterial population changes
  • Ethanol-extract
  • Pyrosequencing analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Pyrosequencing analysis of bacterial species affected by ethanol-extract from activated sludge. / Su, Tao; Satoh, Hiroyasu; Suda, Wataru; Hattori, Masahira; Mino, Takashi.

In: Journal of Water and Environment Technology, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 9-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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