QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Asai, D. Axen, I. Bailey, E. Barberio, T. Barillari, R. J. Barlow, R. J. Batley, P. Bechtle, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, P. J. Bell, G. Bella, A. Bellerive, G. Benelli & 191 others S. Bethke, O. Biebel, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, S. Campana, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, C. Ciocca, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, A. De Roeck, E. A. De Wolf, K. Desch, B. Dienes, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, M. Giunta, J. Goldberg, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, A. Gupta, C. Hajdu, M. Hamann, G. G. Hanson, A. Harel, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, D. Horváth, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, H. Jeremie, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, J. Kanzaki, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, Sachio Komamiya, T. Krämer, A. Krasznahorkay, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, T. Kuhl, M. Kupper, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, J. Lillich, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. Lu, A. Ludwig, J. Ludwig, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, A. J. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, J. McKenna, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, N. Meyer, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, W. Mohr, T. Mori, A. Mutter, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. Nanjo, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, A. Oh, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, C. Pahl, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, O. Pooth, M. Przybycień, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, J. M. Roney, A. M. Rossi, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, T. Schörner-Sadenius, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, F. Spano, A. Stahl, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, S. Tarem, M. Tasevsky, R. Teuscher, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, D. Toya, P. Tran, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Ujvári, C. F. Vollmer, P. Vannerem, R. Vértesi, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, D. Zer-Zion, L. Zivkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

QCD coherence effects are studied based on measurements of correlations of particles with either restricted transverse momenta, pT < pT cut, where pT is defined with respect to the thrust axis, or restricted absolute momenta, p ≡ | p | < pcut, using about four million hadronic Z decays recorded at LEP with the OPAL detector. The correlations are analyzed in terms of normalized factorial and cumulant moments. The analysis is inspired by analytical QCD calculations which, in conjunction with Local Parton-Hadron Duality (LPHD), predict that, due to colour coherence, the multiplicity distribution of particles with restricted transverse momenta should become Poissonian as pT cut decreases. The expected correlation pattern is indeed observed down to pT cut ≈ 1   GeV but not at lower transverse momenta. Furthermore, for pcut → 0   GeV a strong rise is observed in the data, in disagreement with theoretical expectation. The Monte Carlo models reproduce well the measurements at large pT cut and pcut but underestimate their magnitudes at the lowest momenta. The e+ e- data are also compared to the measurements in deep-inelastic e+ p collisions at HERA. It is shown that for soft particles, the often assumed equivalence of a single hemisphere in e+ e- annihilation with the current region in the Breit frame of a deep-inelastic collision may be misleading. Our study indicates difficulties with the LPHD hypothesis when applied to many-particle inclusive observables of soft hadrons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume638
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 29
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

quantum chromodynamics
transverse momentum
momentum
decay
partons
inelastic collisions
hemispheres
hadrons
thrust
equivalence
moments
color
collisions
detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays. / Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Åkesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.; Barillari, T.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, R. J.; Bechtle, P.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bell, P. J.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Campana, S.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Ciocca, C.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; De Roeck, A.; De Wolf, E. A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giunta, M.; Goldberg, J.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Günther, P. O.; Gupta, A.; Hajdu, C.; Hamann, M.; Hanson, G. G.; Harel, A.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Horváth, D.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jeremie, H.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Komamiya, Sachio; Krämer, T.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kupper, M.; Lafferty, G. D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Lillich, J.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, A.; Ludwig, J.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Martin, A. J.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McKenna, J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, N.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mohr, W.; Mori, T.; Mutter, A.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Nanjo, H.; Neal, H. A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oh, A.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pahl, C.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Pooth, O.; Przybycień, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Roney, J. M.; Rossi, A. M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schörner-Sadenius, T.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Spano, F.; Stahl, A.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Tarem, S.; Tasevsky, M.; Teuscher, R.; Thomson, M. A.; Torrence, E.; Toya, D.; Tran, P.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Ueda, I.; Ujvári, B.; Vollmer, C. F.; Vannerem, P.; Vértesi, R.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wolf, G.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Zer-Zion, D.; Zivkovic, L.

In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol. 638, No. 1, 29.06.2006, p. 30-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ainsley, C, Åkesson, PF, Alexander, G, Anagnostou, G, Anderson, KJ, Asai, S, Axen, D, Bailey, I, Barberio, E, Barillari, T, Barlow, RJ, Batley, RJ, Bechtle, P, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bell, PJ, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Benelli, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Boeriu, O, Bock, P, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Brown, RM, Burckhart, HJ, Campana, S, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Ciocca, C, Csilling, A, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, De Roeck, A, De Wolf, EA, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Ferrari, P, Fiedler, F, Fleck, I, Ford, M, Frey, A, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Giunta, M, Goldberg, J, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Günther, PO, Gupta, A, Hajdu, C, Hamann, M, Hanson, GG, Harel, A, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Horváth, D, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ishii, K, Jeremie, H, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Kanzaki, J, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Komamiya, S, Krämer, T, Krasznahorkay, A, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Kuhl, T, Kupper, M, Lafferty, GD, Landsman, H, Lanske, D, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Lillich, J, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lu, J, Ludwig, A, Ludwig, J, Mader, W, Marcellini, S, Martin, AJ, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McKenna, J, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Menges, W, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Meyer, N, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Mohr, W, Mori, T, Mutter, A, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Nanjo, H, Neal, HA, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oh, A, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pahl, C, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Pooth, O, Przybycień, M, Quadt, A, Rabbertz, K, Rembser, C, Renkel, P, Roney, JM, Rossi, AM, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sarkisyan, EKG, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schieck, J, Schörner-Sadenius, T, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Spano, F, Stahl, A, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Tarem, S, Tasevsky, M, Teuscher, R, Thomson, MA, Torrence, E, Toya, D, Tran, P, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turner-Watson, MF, Ueda, I, Ujvári, B, Vollmer, CF, Vannerem, P, Vértesi, R, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Vossebeld, J, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wengler, T, Wermes, N, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wolf, G, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Zer-Zion, D & Zivkovic, L 2006, 'QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays', Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, vol. 638, no. 1, pp. 30-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2006.05.016
Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Åkesson, P. F. ; Alexander, G. ; Anagnostou, G. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Asai, S. ; Axen, D. ; Bailey, I. ; Barberio, E. ; Barillari, T. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, R. J. ; Bechtle, P. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bell, P. J. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Benelli, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Boeriu, O. ; Bock, P. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Brown, R. M. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Campana, S. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Ciocca, C. ; Csilling, A. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; De Roeck, A. ; De Wolf, E. A. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Ferrari, P. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fleck, I. ; Ford, M. ; Frey, A. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Giunta, M. ; Goldberg, J. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Günther, P. O. ; Gupta, A. ; Hajdu, C. ; Hamann, M. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Harel, A. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Horváth, D. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ishii, K. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Kanzaki, J. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, K. ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Krämer, T. ; Krasznahorkay, A. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kupper, M. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanske, D. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Lillich, J. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lu, J. ; Ludwig, A. ; Ludwig, J. ; Mader, W. ; Marcellini, S. ; Martin, A. J. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McKenna, J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Menges, W. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Meyer, N. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mohr, W. ; Mori, T. ; Mutter, A. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Nanjo, H. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oh, A. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pahl, C. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Pooth, O. ; Przybycień, M. ; Quadt, A. ; Rabbertz, K. ; Rembser, C. ; Renkel, P. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schieck, J. ; Schörner-Sadenius, T. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Spano, F. ; Stahl, A. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Tarem, S. ; Tasevsky, M. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Torrence, E. ; Toya, D. ; Tran, P. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; Ueda, I. ; Ujvári, B. ; Vollmer, C. F. ; Vannerem, P. ; Vértesi, R. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Vossebeld, J. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wengler, T. ; Wermes, N. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wolf, G. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Zer-Zion, D. ; Zivkovic, L. / QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays. In: Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. 2006 ; Vol. 638, No. 1. pp. 30-38.
@article{159a4c751cbe479f84b6f124e6fe8448,
title = "QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays",
abstract = "QCD coherence effects are studied based on measurements of correlations of particles with either restricted transverse momenta, pT < pT cut, where pT is defined with respect to the thrust axis, or restricted absolute momenta, p ≡ | p | < pcut, using about four million hadronic Z decays recorded at LEP with the OPAL detector. The correlations are analyzed in terms of normalized factorial and cumulant moments. The analysis is inspired by analytical QCD calculations which, in conjunction with Local Parton-Hadron Duality (LPHD), predict that, due to colour coherence, the multiplicity distribution of particles with restricted transverse momenta should become Poissonian as pT cut decreases. The expected correlation pattern is indeed observed down to pT cut ≈ 1   GeV but not at lower transverse momenta. Furthermore, for pcut → 0   GeV a strong rise is observed in the data, in disagreement with theoretical expectation. The Monte Carlo models reproduce well the measurements at large pT cut and pcut but underestimate their magnitudes at the lowest momenta. The e+ e- data are also compared to the measurements in deep-inelastic e+ p collisions at HERA. It is shown that for soft particles, the often assumed equivalence of a single hemisphere in e+ e- annihilation with the current region in the Breit frame of a deep-inelastic collision may be misleading. Our study indicates difficulties with the LPHD hypothesis when applied to many-particle inclusive observables of soft hadrons.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and C. Ainsley and {\AA}kesson, {P. F.} and G. Alexander and G. Anagnostou and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Asai and D. Axen and I. Bailey and E. Barberio and T. Barillari and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {R. J.} and P. Bechtle and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and Bell, {P. J.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and G. Benelli and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and O. Boeriu and P. Bock and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and Brown, {R. M.} and Burckhart, {H. J.} and S. Campana and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and C. Ciocca and A. Csilling and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and {De Roeck}, A. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and K. Desch and B. Dienes and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and P. Ferrari and F. Fiedler and I. Fleck and M. Ford and A. Frey and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and M. Giunta and J. Goldberg and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and G{\"u}nther, {P. O.} and A. Gupta and C. Hajdu and M. Hamann and Hanson, {G. G.} and A. Harel and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and P. Igo-Kemenes and K. Ishii and H. Jeremie and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and J. Kanzaki and D. Karlen and K. Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Sachio Komamiya and T. Kr{\"a}mer and A. Krasznahorkay and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and T. Kuhl and M. Kupper and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Landsman and D. Lanske and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and J. Lillich and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and J. Lu and A. Ludwig and J. Ludwig and W. Mader and S. Marcellini and Martin, {A. J.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and J. McKenna and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and W. Menges and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and N. Meyer and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and W. Mohr and T. Mori and A. Mutter and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and H. Nanjo and Neal, {H. A.} and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and A. Oh and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and C. Pahl and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and O. Pooth and M. Przybycień and A. Quadt and K. Rabbertz and C. Rembser and P. Renkel and Roney, {J. M.} and Rossi, {A. M.} and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and P. Scharff-Hansen and J. Schieck and T. Sch{\"o}rner-Sadenius and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and F. Spano and A. Stahl and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and S. Tarem and M. Tasevsky and R. Teuscher and Thomson, {M. A.} and E. Torrence and D. Toya and P. Tran and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and I. Ueda and B. Ujv{\'a}ri and Vollmer, {C. F.} and P. Vannerem and R. V{\'e}rtesi and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and J. Vossebeld and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and T. Wengler and N. Wermes and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and G. Wolf and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and D. Zer-Zion and L. Zivkovic",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1016/j.physletb.2006.05.016",
language = "English",
volume = "638",
pages = "30--38",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - QCD coherence and correlations of particles with restricted momenta in hadronic Z decays

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ainsley, C.

AU - Åkesson, P. F.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Anagnostou, G.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Bailey, I.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barillari, T.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, R. J.

AU - Bechtle, P.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bell, P. J.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Benelli, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Boeriu, O.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Campana, S.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Ciocca, C.

AU - Csilling, A.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - De Roeck, A.

AU - De Wolf, E. A.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Ferrari, P.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Ford, M.

AU - Frey, A.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Giunta, M.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Günther, P. O.

AU - Gupta, A.

AU - Hajdu, C.

AU - Hamann, M.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Harel, A.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Junk, T. R.

AU - Kanzaki, J.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, K.

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kluth, S.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kobel, M.

AU - Komamiya, Sachio

AU - Krämer, T.

AU - Krasznahorkay, A.

AU - Krieger, P.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Kuhl, T.

AU - Kupper, M.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lanske, D.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Letts, J.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lillich, J.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lu, J.

AU - Ludwig, A.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Mader, W.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - McKenna, J.

AU - McPherson, R. A.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Menges, W.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Meyer, N.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Mihara, S.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Mutter, A.

AU - Nagai, K.

AU - Nakamura, I.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Neal, H. A.

AU - Nisius, R.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - Oh, A.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pahl, C.

AU - Pásztor, G.

AU - Pater, J. R.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Pooth, O.

AU - Przybycień, M.

AU - Quadt, A.

AU - Rabbertz, K.

AU - Rembser, C.

AU - Renkel, P.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Rozen, Y.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Sachs, K.

AU - Saeki, T.

AU - Sarkisyan, E. K.G.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schieck, J.

AU - Schörner-Sadenius, T.

AU - Schröder, M.

AU - Schumacher, M.

AU - Seuster, R.

AU - Shears, T. G.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Söldner-Rembold, S.

AU - Spano, F.

AU - Stahl, A.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Ströhmer, R.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Tasevsky, M.

AU - Teuscher, R.

AU - Thomson, M. A.

AU - Torrence, E.

AU - Toya, D.

AU - Tran, P.

AU - Trigger, I.

AU - Trócsányi, Z.

AU - Tsur, E.

AU - Turner-Watson, M. F.

AU - Ueda, I.

AU - Ujvári, B.

AU - Vollmer, C. F.

AU - Vannerem, P.

AU - Vértesi, R.

AU - Verzocchi, M.

AU - Voss, H.

AU - Vossebeld, J.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wengler, T.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wolf, G.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yamashita, S.

AU - Zer-Zion, D.

AU - Zivkovic, L.

PY - 2006/6/29

Y1 - 2006/6/29

N2 - QCD coherence effects are studied based on measurements of correlations of particles with either restricted transverse momenta, pT < pT cut, where pT is defined with respect to the thrust axis, or restricted absolute momenta, p ≡ | p | < pcut, using about four million hadronic Z decays recorded at LEP with the OPAL detector. The correlations are analyzed in terms of normalized factorial and cumulant moments. The analysis is inspired by analytical QCD calculations which, in conjunction with Local Parton-Hadron Duality (LPHD), predict that, due to colour coherence, the multiplicity distribution of particles with restricted transverse momenta should become Poissonian as pT cut decreases. The expected correlation pattern is indeed observed down to pT cut ≈ 1   GeV but not at lower transverse momenta. Furthermore, for pcut → 0   GeV a strong rise is observed in the data, in disagreement with theoretical expectation. The Monte Carlo models reproduce well the measurements at large pT cut and pcut but underestimate their magnitudes at the lowest momenta. The e+ e- data are also compared to the measurements in deep-inelastic e+ p collisions at HERA. It is shown that for soft particles, the often assumed equivalence of a single hemisphere in e+ e- annihilation with the current region in the Breit frame of a deep-inelastic collision may be misleading. Our study indicates difficulties with the LPHD hypothesis when applied to many-particle inclusive observables of soft hadrons.

AB - QCD coherence effects are studied based on measurements of correlations of particles with either restricted transverse momenta, pT < pT cut, where pT is defined with respect to the thrust axis, or restricted absolute momenta, p ≡ | p | < pcut, using about four million hadronic Z decays recorded at LEP with the OPAL detector. The correlations are analyzed in terms of normalized factorial and cumulant moments. The analysis is inspired by analytical QCD calculations which, in conjunction with Local Parton-Hadron Duality (LPHD), predict that, due to colour coherence, the multiplicity distribution of particles with restricted transverse momenta should become Poissonian as pT cut decreases. The expected correlation pattern is indeed observed down to pT cut ≈ 1   GeV but not at lower transverse momenta. Furthermore, for pcut → 0   GeV a strong rise is observed in the data, in disagreement with theoretical expectation. The Monte Carlo models reproduce well the measurements at large pT cut and pcut but underestimate their magnitudes at the lowest momenta. The e+ e- data are also compared to the measurements in deep-inelastic e+ p collisions at HERA. It is shown that for soft particles, the often assumed equivalence of a single hemisphere in e+ e- annihilation with the current region in the Breit frame of a deep-inelastic collision may be misleading. Our study indicates difficulties with the LPHD hypothesis when applied to many-particle inclusive observables of soft hadrons.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33744946792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33744946792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.05.016

DO - 10.1016/j.physletb.2006.05.016

M3 - Article

VL - 638

SP - 30

EP - 38

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 1

ER -