Quantitative analysis of the lamellarity of giant liposomes prepared by the inverted emulsion method

Masataka Chiba, Makito Miyazaki, Shin'Ichi Ishiwata

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The inverted emulsion method is used to prepare giant liposomes by pushing water-in-oil droplets through the oil/water interface into an aqueous medium. Due to the high encapsulation efficiency of proteins under physiological conditions and the simplicity of the protocol, it has been widely used to prepare various cell models. However, the lamellarity of liposomes prepared by this method has not been evaluated quantitatively. Here, we prepared liposomes that were partially stained with a fluorescent dye, and analyzed their fluorescence intensity under an epifluorescence microscope. The fluorescence intensities of the membranes of individual liposomes were plotted against their diameter. The plots showed discrete distributions, which were classified into several groups. The group with the lowest fluorescence intensity was determined to be unilamellar by monitoring the exchangeability of the inner and the outer solutions of the liposomes in the presence of the pore-forming toxin α-hemolysin. Increasing the lipid concentration dissolved in oil increased the number of liposomes ∼100 times. However, almost all the liposomes were unilamellar even at saturating lipid concentrations. We also investigated the effects of lipid composition and liposome content, such as highly concentrated actin filaments and Xenopus egg extracts, on the lamellarity of the liposomes. Remarkably, over 90% of the liposomes were unilamellar under all conditions examined. We conclude that the inverted emulsion method can be used to efficiently prepare giant unilamellar liposomes and is useful for designing cell models.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)346-354
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiophysical Journal
    Volume107
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 15

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    Emulsions
    Liposomes
    Unilamellar Liposomes
    Oils
    Fluorescence
    Lipids
    Hemolysin Proteins
    Water
    Xenopus
    Actin Cytoskeleton
    Fluorescent Dyes
    Ovum
    Membranes
    Proteins

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics

    Cite this

    Quantitative analysis of the lamellarity of giant liposomes prepared by the inverted emulsion method. / Chiba, Masataka; Miyazaki, Makito; Ishiwata, Shin'Ichi.

    In: Biophysical Journal, Vol. 107, No. 2, 15.07.2014, p. 346-354.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Chiba, Masataka ; Miyazaki, Makito ; Ishiwata, Shin'Ichi. / Quantitative analysis of the lamellarity of giant liposomes prepared by the inverted emulsion method. In: Biophysical Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 107, No. 2. pp. 346-354.
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