Quarries and transportation routes of Angkor monument sandstone blocks

Etsuo Uchida, Ichita Shimoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sandstone blocks are the main construction materials used in the Angkor monuments in Cambodia. However, a thorough study of the quarries has not yet been carried out. We conducted a field investigation of sandstone quarries from the Angkor period at the southeastern foot of Mt. Kulen, which is approximately 35 km northeast of the Angkor monuments. As a result, we discovered more than 50 sandstone quarries. On the basis of the measurements of magnetic susceptibilities and thicknesses (step heights), we found that they were quarried at different times. These four quarrying areas were identified as the quarries D to G inferred by Uchida et al. (2007). In addition we investigated a canal that was identified on satellite images, connecting quarry sites at the foot of Mt. Kulen to the Angkor monuments. The field investigation suggests a high probability that the canal was used for the transportation of sandstone blocks from Mt. Kulen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1158-1164
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Angkor monuments
  • Cambodia
  • Canal
  • Quarry
  • Sandstone
  • Transportation route

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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