R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts

Ko Nakamura, Seiji Harikae, Toshitaka Kajino, Grant J. Mathews

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have investigated r-process nucleosynthesis within the collapsar jet model for long-duration gamma ray bursts. We simulated the core collapse of a rotating 35 solar mass progenitor star and followed the magnetohydrodynamic evolution to form a stable black-hole accretion disk. The transport of neutrinos emitted from the accretion disk was then evolved using a ray-tracing method to estimate the heating via neutrino pair annihilation in the polar region above the black hole leading to the production of a relativistic jet. We then distributed test particles in the outflow and followed the time evolution of the temperature, entropy, electron fraction, and density along each trajectory. Nuclear species were evolved for these trajectories with a large nuclear reaction network including more than 5,000 nuclei. We found that an r-process-like abundance distribution forms in material ejected in the collapsar jet.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Science
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event12th International Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2012 - Cairns, QLD, Australia
Duration: 2012 Aug 52012 Aug 12

Other

Other12th International Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2012
CountryAustralia
CityCairns, QLD
Period12/8/512/8/12

Fingerprint

nuclear fusion
gamma ray bursts
neutrinos
accretion disks
trajectories
ray tracing
nuclear reactions
polar regions
magnetohydrodynamics
entropy
stars
heating
nuclei
estimates
electrons
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Nakamura, K., Harikae, S., Kajino, T., & Mathews, G. J. (2012). R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts. In Proceedings of Science

R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts. / Nakamura, Ko; Harikae, Seiji; Kajino, Toshitaka; Mathews, Grant J.

Proceedings of Science. 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nakamura, K, Harikae, S, Kajino, T & Mathews, GJ 2012, R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts. in Proceedings of Science. 12th International Symposium on Nuclei in the Cosmos, NIC 2012, Cairns, QLD, Australia, 12/8/5.
Nakamura K, Harikae S, Kajino T, Mathews GJ. R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts. In Proceedings of Science. 2012
Nakamura, Ko ; Harikae, Seiji ; Kajino, Toshitaka ; Mathews, Grant J. / R-process nucleosynthesis in the neutrino-heated relativistic collapsar jet model for gamma-ray bursts. Proceedings of Science. 2012.
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