Radiation-pressure-driven dust transport to galaxy halos at z ∼ 10

Hiroyuki Hirashita, Akio K. Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The origin of dust in galaxy halos or in the circum-galactic medium (CGM) is still a mystery. We investigate if the radiation pressure in high-redshift (z ∼ 10) galaxies can efficiently transport dust to halos. To clarify the first dust enrichment of galaxy halos in the early Universe, we solve the motion of a dust grain considering radiation pressure, gas drag, and gravity in the vertical direction of the galactic disc. Radiation pressure is estimated in a consistent manner with the stellar spectra and dust extinction. As a consequence, we find that dust grains with radii a ∼ 0.1 µm successfully escape from the galactic disc if the ongoing star formation episode converts more than 15 per cent of the baryon content into stars and lasts & 30 Myr, while larger and smaller grains are trapped in the disc because of gravity and gas drag, respectively. We also show that grain charge significantly enhances gas drag at a few–10 scale heights of the galactic disc, where the grain velocities are suppressed to ∼ 1 km s−1. There is an optimum dust-to-gas ratio (∼ 10−3) in the galactic disc and an optimum virial mass ∼ 1010–1011 M⊙ for the transport of a ∼ 0.1 µm grains to the halo. We conclude that early dust enrichment of galaxy halos at z & 10 is important for the origin of dust in the CGM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 14


  • Dust
  • Extinction
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: haloes
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Radiation: dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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