Radiation-Shielding Properties of Heavy Bentonite-Based Slurry for the Decommissioning of the Fukushima First Nuclear Power Plant

Ema Yoshikawa, Hideo Komine, Yuma Saito, Shigeru Goto, Seiichi Narushima, Yasunori Arai, Masayuki Mizuno, Shinsuke Ujiie, Yuki Sakoda, Yasushi Nagae, Mitsugu Yoshimura, Akihiko Suzuki

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    Abstract

    The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake has impacted Japan, and it made serious damage to nuclear power plant in Fukushima. At present, Japanese government and engineers proceed decommissioning of the power plant, and ensuring safety of workers is the most important matter especially in fuel debris retrieval. On these backgrounds, the authors focus on heavy bentonite based slurry for filling material of nuclear reactor. Heavy slurry is capable of shielding gamma ray and neutron beam from its high specific gravity and water content. The purpose of this research is to investigate and define the properties of heavy bentonite based slurry by soil mechanics experiment. That is, the research described in this paper is a proposal to use it for decommissioning of the Fukushima I nuclear power plant. For quantifying the radiation shielding properties, the authors measured the transmitted radiation dose through heavy slurry. The result shows the heavy slurry has definite radiation shielding properties. In conclusion, the heavy bentonite based slurry may be useful for radiation shielding, and save workers health in particular.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)292-297
    Number of pages6
    JournalUnknown Journal
    Volume2016-January
    Issue number269 GSP
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Architecture
    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Building and Construction
    • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

    Cite this

    Yoshikawa, E., Komine, H., Saito, Y., Goto, S., Narushima, S., Arai, Y., Mizuno, M., Ujiie, S., Sakoda, Y., Nagae, Y., Yoshimura, M., & Suzuki, A. (2016). Radiation-Shielding Properties of Heavy Bentonite-Based Slurry for the Decommissioning of the Fukushima First Nuclear Power Plant. Unknown Journal, 2016-January(269 GSP), 292-297. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784480120.031