Radiative and nonradiative lifetimes in nonpolar m -plane Inx Ga1-x NGaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN templates prepared by lateral epitaxial overgrowth

T. Onuma, T. Koyama, A. Chakraborty, M. McLaurin, B. A. Haskell, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, U. K. Mishra, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu

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Abstract

Different from the case for polar (0001) Inx Ga1-x N multiple quantum wells (MQWs), the effective radiative lifetimes (τR,eff) at 8 K of violet (V: 3.15 eV), purple (P: 3.00 eV), and blue (B: 2.83 eV) emission peaks in nonpolar (1 1- 00) Inx Ga1-x NGaN MQWs fabricated on various GaN templates were found to be nearly independent of InN molar fraction x being approximately 1 ns. The result indicates the absence of polarization fields parallel to the MQW normal. For each luminescence peak, the effective nonradiative lifetime (τNR,eff) at room temperature of the MQWs grown on "Ga-polar" wings of the GaN template prepared by lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) was longer than that for the MQWs grown on "N-polar" wings, windows, or on conventional GaN templates, which had high density basal plane stacking faults and threading dislocations. Since τR,eff was little affected by the presence of defects, the increase in τNR,eff brought fivefold improvement in the equivalent internal quantum efficiency ( int eq) of V peak. Because B peak was mostly generated from defective areas, the increase in int eq was not so remarkable (29%-36%). However, these values are approximately twice that reported for (11 2- 0) InGaNGaN MQWs grown on LEO GaN templates [Onuma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151918 (2005)].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1524-1528
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Onuma, T., Koyama, T., Chakraborty, A., McLaurin, M., Haskell, B. A., Fini, P. T., Keller, S., Denbaars, S. P., Speck, J. S., Nakamura, S., Mishra, U. K., Sota, T., & Chichibu, S. F. (2007). Radiative and nonradiative lifetimes in nonpolar m -plane Inx Ga1-x NGaN multiple quantum wells grown on GaN templates prepared by lateral epitaxial overgrowth. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, 25(4), 1524-1528. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.2746354