Radio and γ-ray constraints on the emission geometry and birthplace of PSR j2043+2740

A. Noutsos, A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, M. G. Baring, D. Bastieri, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, B. Berenji, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, R. Buehler, G. Busetto, G. A. CaliandroR. A. Cameron, F. Camilo, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, C. Cecchi, Ö Çelik, S. Chaty, A. Chekhtman, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, I. Cognard, J. Cohen-Tanugi, S. Colafrancesco, S. Cutini, C. D. Dermer, F. De Palma, P. S. Drell, D. Dumora, C. M. Ea, C. Favuzzi, E. C. Ferrara, W. B. Focke, M. Frailis, P. C.C. Freire, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, S. Germani, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, M. Giroletti, G. Godfrey, P. Grandi, I. A. Grenier, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, A. K. Harding, R. E. Hughes, M. S. Jackson, G. Jóhannesson, A. S. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, S. Johnston, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, J. Knödlseder, M. Kramer, M. Kuss, J. Lande, S. H. Lee, F. Longo, F. Loparco, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, A. G. Lyne, A. Makeev, M. Marelli, M. N. Mazziotta, J. E. McEnery, J. Mehault, P. F. Michelson, T. Mizuno, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, M. Naumann-Godo, P. L. Nolan, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, A. Okumura, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Persic, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T. A. Porter, S. Rainò, P. S. Ray, M. Razzano, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, R. W. Romani, H. F.W. Sadrozinski, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, C. Sgrò, E. J. Siskind, D. A. Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, B. W. Stappers, M. S. Strickman, D. J. Suson, H. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, G. Theureau, D. J. Thompson, S. E. Thorsett, O. Tibolla, D. F. Torres, A. Tramacere, T. L. Usher, J. Vandenbroucke, G. Vianello, N. Vilchez, M. Villata, V. Vitale, A. Von Kienlin, A. P. Waite, P. Wang, K. Watters, P. Weltevrede, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, M. Ziegler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the first year of Fermi γ-ray observations of pulsed high-energy emission from the old PSR J2043 + 2740. The study of the γ-ray efficiency of such old pulsars gives us an insight into the evolution of pulsars' ability to emit in γ rays as they age. The y-ray light curve of this pulsar above 0.1 GeV is clearly defined by two sharp peaks, 0.353 ± 0.035 periods apart. We have combined the γ-ray profile characteristics of PSR J2043 + 2740 with the geometrical properties of the pulsar's radio emission, derived from radio-polarization data, and constrained the pulsar-beam geometry in the framework of a two-pole caustic (TPC) and an outer gap (OG) model. The ranges of magnetic inclination and viewing angle were determined to be {α, ζ} ∼ {52°-57°, 61°-68°} for the TPC model, and {α, ζ} ∼ {62°-73°, 74°-81°} and {α, ζ,} ∼ {72°-83°, 60°-75°} for the OG model. Based on this geometry, we assess possible birth locations for this pulsar and derive a likely proper motion, sufficiently high to be measurable with VLBI. At a characteristic age of 1.2 Myr, PSR J2043 + 2740 is the third oldest of all discovered, non-recycled, γ-ray pulsars: it is twice as old as the next oldest, PSR J0357 + 32, and younger only than the recently discovered PSR J1836 + 5925 and PSR J2055 + 25, both of which are at least five and ten times less energetic, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume728
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 20

Keywords

  • Gamma rays: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Noutsos, A., Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Busetto, G., ... Ziegler, M. (2011). Radio and γ-ray constraints on the emission geometry and birthplace of PSR j2043+2740. Astrophysical Journal, 728(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/77