The phonon Raman spectra of Bi2Sr2Ca1-xYxCu2O 8+d (x=0-1) have been investigated in a number of well-defined single-crystal and polycrystalline samples. From the polarization and Y-doping dependence, and from a comparison with previous reports on Bi-based cuprates, we identify the (6A1g+1B1g) symmetry modes that are Raman allowed within the ideal body-centered-tetragonal unit cell. A large number of extra "disorder-induced" phonon bands are observed in the ab-plane polarized spectra. In contrast to most previous reports, we argue that the c-axis polarized phonon band around 629 cm-1 is due to the O(2)Sr A1g vibration, while the exclusively ab-plane polarized band around 463 cm-1 is induced by the O(3)BiA1g vibration. With increasing Y doping we find that the vibrational modes involving atoms in the CuO2 planes rapidly increase in intensity as a result of the reduced metallic screening in the hole-depleted Y-doped samples. We also find that Y substitution gives rise to a substantial hardening of the O(1)CuA1g and B1g phonons by ∼40 cm-1, whereas the O(2)SrA1g phonon is found to soften by ∼20 cm-1, when x increases from 0 to 1. The phonon frequency changes can be explained by the "internal pressure" induced by the decrease in the average Ca/Y ion size and an additional "charge-transfer" induced by the change in the Cu and Bi valences with Y doping.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 May 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics