Raman-active phonons in Bi2Sr2Ca1-xYxCu2O 8+d (x=0-1): Effects of hole filling and internal pressure induced by Y doping for Ca, and implications for phonon assignments

Masato Kakihana*, Minoru Osada, Mikael Käll, Lars Börjesson, Hiromasa Mazaki, Hiroshi Yasuoka, Masatomo Yashima, Masahiro Yoshimura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)


The phonon Raman spectra of Bi2Sr2Ca1-xYxCu2O 8+d (x=0-1) have been investigated in a number of well-defined single-crystal and polycrystalline samples. From the polarization and Y-doping dependence, and from a comparison with previous reports on Bi-based cuprates, we identify the (6A1g+1B1g) symmetry modes that are Raman allowed within the ideal body-centered-tetragonal unit cell. A large number of extra "disorder-induced" phonon bands are observed in the ab-plane polarized spectra. In contrast to most previous reports, we argue that the c-axis polarized phonon band around 629 cm-1 is due to the O(2)Sr A1g vibration, while the exclusively ab-plane polarized band around 463 cm-1 is induced by the O(3)BiA1g vibration. With increasing Y doping we find that the vibrational modes involving atoms in the CuO2 planes rapidly increase in intensity as a result of the reduced metallic screening in the hole-depleted Y-doped samples. We also find that Y substitution gives rise to a substantial hardening of the O(1)CuA1g and B1g phonons by ∼40 cm-1, whereas the O(2)SrA1g phonon is found to soften by ∼20 cm-1, when x increases from 0 to 1. The phonon frequency changes can be explained by the "internal pressure" induced by the decrease in the average Ca/Y ion size and an additional "charge-transfer" induced by the change in the Cu and Bi valences with Y doping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11796-11806
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1996 May 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Raman-active phonons in Bi<sub>2</sub>Sr<sub>2</sub>Ca<sub>1-x</sub>Y<sub>x</sub>Cu<sub>2</sub>O <sub>8+d</sub> (x=0-1): Effects of hole filling and internal pressure induced by Y doping for Ca, and implications for phonon assignments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this