Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys

Yoshihito Ogasawara, Tabaian Seyed Hadi, Masafumi Maeda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The activities in liquid Ni-Ti alloys were experimentally measured by the Langmuir vaporization method. By using measured rates of evaporation and temperatures, the activities of nickel and titanium were calculated by applying Hertz-Knudsen equation and a regular solution model. An electron beam vacuum furnace with a water cooled copper crucible was used for evaporation experiments to avoid contamination by oxygen and gaseous elements. Temperature was measured by two color optical pyrometer. The rates of evaporation in pure substances were measured to verify Hertz-Knudsen equation with the evaporation coefficient a of unity. Rates of evaporation in Ni-Ti alloys were then measured. This system was assumed to be a regular solution. Consequently activities of nickel and titanium were calculated to be about 0.04 at 50 at% at 1 773 K. The activities obtained in this study were ranged between those in two studies in literatures. Results of this study agree reasonably with those for Ni-Al alloys in literatures. This system exhibits strong negative deviations from ideality. Moreover it was shown the possibility of thermodynamic measurements for the other systems which contain high reactive elements.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)789-793
    Number of pages5
    JournalISIJ International
    Volume38
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 1998

    Fingerprint

    Evaporation
    Vacuum
    Liquids
    Titanium
    Nickel
    Electron beam furnaces
    Vacuum furnaces
    Pyrometers
    Crucibles
    Vaporization
    Chemical elements
    Copper
    Contamination
    titanium nickelide
    Thermodynamics
    Oxygen
    Color
    Temperature
    Water
    Experiments

    Keywords

    • Electron beam vacuum furnace
    • Herz-Knudsen equation
    • Langmuir vaporization method
    • Ni-Ti alloys
    • Regular solution model
    • Water-cooled copper crucible

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Metals and Alloys

    Cite this

    Ogasawara, Y., Hadi, T. S., & Maeda, M. (1998). Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys. ISIJ International, 38(8), 789-793.

    Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys. / Ogasawara, Yoshihito; Hadi, Tabaian Seyed; Maeda, Masafumi.

    In: ISIJ International, Vol. 38, No. 8, 1998, p. 789-793.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ogasawara, Y, Hadi, TS & Maeda, M 1998, 'Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys', ISIJ International, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 789-793.
    Ogasawara Y, Hadi TS, Maeda M. Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys. ISIJ International. 1998;38(8):789-793.
    Ogasawara, Yoshihito ; Hadi, Tabaian Seyed ; Maeda, Masafumi. / Rates of evaporation in a vacuum in liquid Ni-Ti alloys. In: ISIJ International. 1998 ; Vol. 38, No. 8. pp. 789-793.
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    AB - The activities in liquid Ni-Ti alloys were experimentally measured by the Langmuir vaporization method. By using measured rates of evaporation and temperatures, the activities of nickel and titanium were calculated by applying Hertz-Knudsen equation and a regular solution model. An electron beam vacuum furnace with a water cooled copper crucible was used for evaporation experiments to avoid contamination by oxygen and gaseous elements. Temperature was measured by two color optical pyrometer. The rates of evaporation in pure substances were measured to verify Hertz-Knudsen equation with the evaporation coefficient a of unity. Rates of evaporation in Ni-Ti alloys were then measured. This system was assumed to be a regular solution. Consequently activities of nickel and titanium were calculated to be about 0.04 at 50 at% at 1 773 K. The activities obtained in this study were ranged between those in two studies in literatures. Results of this study agree reasonably with those for Ni-Al alloys in literatures. This system exhibits strong negative deviations from ideality. Moreover it was shown the possibility of thermodynamic measurements for the other systems which contain high reactive elements.

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