Re-Os isotope geochemistry in the surface layers of ferromanganese crusts from the Takuyo Daigo Seamount, northwestern Pacific Ocean

Ayaka Tokumaru, Tatsuo Nozaki, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Kosuke T. Goto, Qing Chang, Jun Ichi Kimura, Yutaro Takaya, Yasuhiro Kato, Akira Usui, Tetsuro Urabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Os isotope compositions in ferromanganese crusts (Fe-Mn crusts) have been used for the dating of model ages from present to the Late Cretaceous. This dating method assumes that the Fe-Mn crusts preserve a paleo-seawater Os isotope composition at the timing of Fe-Mn crust deposition. However, available Os isotope data are limited to dredged samples without precise indications of water depths, and the Os isotope variation in relation to water depth remains uncertain. Here, we report on the Os isotope ratio data in the surface layer of Fe-Mn crusts from 956-2987 meters below sea level at the Takuyo Daigo Seamount in the northwestern Pacific Ocean collected by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV). Since the 187Re/188Os ratios of the surface layer samples exhibited low values ranging from 0.020 to 0.0078, the age correction of the 187Os/188Os ratios by subtracting radiogenic 187Os from total 187Os was not necessary for the Takuyo Daigo Fe-Mn crusts. Regardless of water depth, the surface layer samples possessed a narrow range of 187Os/188Os ratio (1.003-1.017). As their Os isotope ratios were very similar to or slightly lower than the present-day seawater value (∼1.06), the Fe-Mn crusts are inferred to preserve the modern seawater Os isotope composition at the investigated water depths. Therefore, Os isotope stratigraphy using Fe-Mn crusts is a powerful dating tool in paleoceanography.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalGEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ferromanganese crust
  • Geochemistry
  • Northwestern Pacific Ocean
  • Re and Os isotopes
  • Takuyo Daigo Seamount

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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