Considering the expansion of the use of renewable energy in the future, the technology to store and transport hydrogen will be important. Hydrogen is gaseous at an ambient condition, diffuses easily, and its energy density is low. So liquid organic hydrogen carriers (LOHCs) have been proposed as a way to store hydrogen in high density. LOHC can store, transport, and use hydrogen at high density by hydrogenation and dehydrogenation cycles. In this review, we will focus on typical LOHCs, methylcyclohexane (MCH), 18H-dibenzyltoluene (DBT), and 12H-N-ethylcarbazole (NECZ), and summarize recent developments in dehydrogenation catalytic processes, which are key in this cycle.
- Liquid organic hydrogen carrier
- Reaction mechanism
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