Reconsideration of the spin-orbit interaction for an electron confined in a quasi-two-dimensional quantum dot

II. Bulkiness and in-plane spin-orbit coupling

Takuma Yamagami, Kota Ido, Kyozaburo Takeda, Yasuhiro Tokura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We solve the Pauli equation for the quasi-two-dimensional (2D) quantum dot (QD) system numerically by employing the finite difference technique, and reconsider how bulkiness changes the electronic structure through the spin-orbit (SO) interaction. By decomposing the internal SO coupling induced by the confinement potential into the out-of-plane and in-plane components, we demonstrate that the in-plane SO coupling produces the characteristic electronic structure having the opposite spin hybridization. The second-order perturbation approach reveals that this in-plane SO coupling has a function similar to that of Rashba SO coupling and produces the symmetry-broken spin distribution via the interstate interference. We further determine the spin precession by the internal SO coupling and investigate the optimal spin polarization to reduce the spin "fluctuation" effectively.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number045201
    JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
    Volume55
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr 1

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    spin-orbit interactions
    Semiconductor quantum dots
    Orbits
    quantum dots
    orbits
    Electrons
    electrons
    Electronic structure
    Spin fluctuations
    Spin polarization
    electronic structure
    precession
    broken symmetry
    interference
    perturbation
    polarization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Engineering(all)
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)

    Cite this

    Reconsideration of the spin-orbit interaction for an electron confined in a quasi-two-dimensional quantum dot : II. Bulkiness and in-plane spin-orbit coupling. / Yamagami, Takuma; Ido, Kota; Takeda, Kyozaburo; Tokura, Yasuhiro.

    In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 55, No. 4, 045201, 01.04.2016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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