Reduced behavioral flexibility by aberrant sensory precision in autism spectrum disorder: A neurorobotics experiment

Hayato Idei, Shingo Murata, Yiwen Chen, Yuichi Yamashita, Jun Tani, Tetsuya Ogata

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Recently, the importance of the application of computational models utilized in cognitive neuroscience to psychiatric disorders has been recognized. This study utilizes a recurrent neural network model to test aberrant sensory precision, a normative theory of autism spectrum disorder. We particularly focus on the effects of increased and decreased sensory precision on adaptive behavior based on a prediction error minimization mechanism. To distinguish dysfunction at the behavioral and network levels, we employ a humanoid robot driven by a neural network and observe ball-playing interactions with a human experimenter. Experimental results show that behavioral rigidity characteristic of autism spectrum disorder - including stopping movement and repetitive behavior - was generated from both increased and decreased sensory precision, but through different processes at the network level. These results may provide a system-level explanation of different types of behavioral rigidity in psychiatric diseases such as compulsions and stereotypies. The results also support a system-level model for autism spectrum disorder that suggests core deficits in estimating the uncertainty of sensory evidence.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication7th Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2017
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages271-276
    Number of pages6
    Volume2018-January
    ISBN (Electronic)9781538637159
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 2
    Event7th Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2017 - Lisbon, Portugal
    Duration: 2017 Sep 182017 Sep 21

    Other

    Other7th Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2017
    CountryPortugal
    CityLisbon
    Period17/9/1817/9/21

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Control and Optimization
    • Developmental Neuroscience

    Cite this

    Idei, H., Murata, S., Chen, Y., Yamashita, Y., Tani, J., & Ogata, T. (2018). Reduced behavioral flexibility by aberrant sensory precision in autism spectrum disorder: A neurorobotics experiment. In 7th Joint IEEE International Conference on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics, ICDL-EpiRob 2017 (Vol. 2018-January, pp. 271-276). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2017.8329817