Reduced scale model testing for prediction of eigenfrequencies and hydro-acoustic resonances in hydropower plants operating in off-design conditions

Arthur Tristan Favrel, J. Gomes Pereira Junior, C. Landry, S. Alligné, C. Nicolet, F. Avellan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The massive penetration of the electrical network by renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, pushes the operators to extend hydropower plant units operating range to meet the transmission system operator requirements. However, in off-design operating conditions, flow instabilities are developing in Francis turbines, inducing cavitation, pressure pulsations and potentially resonance that can threaten the stability of the whole system. Reduced scale model testing is commonly performed to assess the hydraulic behaviour of the machine for industrial projects. However, it is not possible to directly transpose pressure pulsations and resonance conditions from model to prototype since the characteristics of the hydraulic circuits are different from model to prototype. In this paper, a methodology developed in the framework of the HYPERBOLE European research project for predicting the eigenfrequencies of hydropower plant units operating in off-design conditions is introduced. It is based on reduced scale model testing and proper one-dimensional modelling of the hydraulic circuits, including the draft tube cavitation flow, at both the model and prototype scales. The hydro-acoustic parameters in the draft tube are identified at the model scale for a wide number of operating conditions and, then, transposed to the full-scale machine, together with the precession frequency for part load conditions. This enables the prediction of the eigenfrequencies and resonance conditions of the full-scale generating unit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022022
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume240
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 28
Event29th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, IAHR 2018 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2018 Sep 162018 Sep 21

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acoustics
prediction
cavitation
hydraulics
one-dimensional modeling
precession
turbine
penetration
methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Reduced scale model testing for prediction of eigenfrequencies and hydro-acoustic resonances in hydropower plants operating in off-design conditions. / Favrel, Arthur Tristan; Pereira Junior, J. Gomes; Landry, C.; Alligné, S.; Nicolet, C.; Avellan, F.

In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 240, No. 2, 022022, 28.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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