Regional disparities in bonding and bridging social capital: An empirical study of rural and urban Japan

Ziyi Qin*, Katsuya Tanaka, Shunji Matsuoka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This article investigates regional social capital development by focusing on disparities in bonding and bridging social capital among rural and urban areas of Japan. Rural–urban differences in social capital in Western contexts have been discussed by many studies. Their main finding is that bonding social capital is richer in rural areas and bridging social capital is richer in urban areas. However, the empirical evidence presented in this article suggests that in Japan both bridging and bonding social capital are richer in rural than urban areas, diverging from traditional thinking about these two types of social capital. This finding suggests that urbanization and depopulation in rural areas of Japan have led to changes in people's behavior and their demand for social networks, promoting the development of bridging social capital in rural areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-126
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Japanese Sociology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • bridging
  • rural–urban disparity
  • social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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