Relation of Habitual Exercise to Basal Metabolic Rate and Energy Expenditure during Exercise in Older People

Toshiki Ohta, Mitsuru Higuchi, Yutaka Yoshitake, Tokio Fuchi, Isao Hashimoto, Osamu Shirakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relation between habitual exercise and the basal metabolic rate, energy expenditure during exercise (lactic threshold and maximal oxygen uptake) was examined in 291 older people. Metabolic rate was highest in old players of gatebowl (a form of croquet) (male; 23.3 ± 2.3, female; 22.7 ± 3.0 kcal/kg/day), higher in old untrained people (male; 21.9 ± 2.5, female; 20.8 ± 2.4 kcal/kg/day), and lower in old people in a home for the aged (male; 20.6 ± 3.5, female; 20.8 ± 3.7 kcal/kg/day). Energy expenditure while walking at a speed of less than 100 m/min was similar in trained and untrained old people aged 60—69 years. However, lactic threshold was higher in trained (30.2 ± 4.8 ml/kg/min) than in untrained (20.9 ±2.8 ml/kg/min) females aged 60—69 years. Maximal oxygen uptake was higher in trained (male; 50.4 ±4.1, female; 36.6 ± 3.9) than in untrained (male; 30.9 ± 3.7, female; 26.8 ± 2.8) old people aged 60—69 years. It was suggested that a higher basal metabolic rate, lactic threshold and maximal oxygen uptake resulted in higher daily physical activity and larger daily energy consumption in trained old people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-586
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Geriatrics
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basal metabolic rate
  • Energy expenditure
  • Lactate threshold
  • Maximal oxygen uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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