Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly

Yoshito Koyama, Kentaro Machida, Kayoko Katayama, Namiko Ogawa, Satoyo Ikehara, Mu Qun Xia, Chun Yan Liu, Kazuhiko Machida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Oral health is very important particularly for elderly to live happily. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. METHODS: The subjects were 96 men (mean +/- SD: 70.1 +/- 4.9) and 92 women (70.7 +/- 5.4). Oral health status was evaluated according to the numbers of remaining, intact, treated, and untreated teeth and score in WHO's CPI code. By carrying out a questionnaire survey, we evaluated lifestyle factors, such as stress (SCL-S), smoking habits, drinking habit, sleeping hours, sports, snack habit, and tooth brushing habit. Logistic regression analysis was used in analyzing the data. RESULTS: By multi-logistic regression analysis, men who smoke were more likely to have a lower CPI score than those who do not {odds ratio (OR) = 4.69, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 0.79-27.89, p < .10}. Men who brush their teeth less than once a day are less likely to have a lower CPI score than those who brush their teeth more than twice a day (OR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.09-1.22, p < .10). On the other hand, women who experience much stress are more likely to have a lower CPI score than women who experience little stress (OR = 5.59, 95% CI = 1.29-24.15, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that smoking may affect oral health conditions in men, whereas stress may affect oral health conditions in women. The reduction in stress and abstinence from smoking are important in maintaining good oral health in Chinese elderly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalNippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene.
Volume61
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan

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Oral Health
Life Style
Habits
Tooth
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Snacks
Smoke
Health Status
Drinking
Sports
cyclopropapyrroloindole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Koyama, Y., Machida, K., Katayama, K., Ogawa, N., Ikehara, S., Xia, M. Q., ... Machida, K. (2006). Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. Nippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene., 61(1), 53-62.

Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. / Koyama, Yoshito; Machida, Kentaro; Katayama, Kayoko; Ogawa, Namiko; Ikehara, Satoyo; Xia, Mu Qun; Liu, Chun Yan; Machida, Kazuhiko.

In: Nippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene., Vol. 61, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 53-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koyama, Y, Machida, K, Katayama, K, Ogawa, N, Ikehara, S, Xia, MQ, Liu, CY & Machida, K 2006, 'Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly', Nippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene., vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 53-62.
Koyama Y, Machida K, Katayama K, Ogawa N, Ikehara S, Xia MQ et al. Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. Nippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene. 2006 Jan;61(1):53-62.
Koyama, Yoshito ; Machida, Kentaro ; Katayama, Kayoko ; Ogawa, Namiko ; Ikehara, Satoyo ; Xia, Mu Qun ; Liu, Chun Yan ; Machida, Kazuhiko. / Relationship between lifestyle and oral health in Chinese elderly. In: Nippon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene. 2006 ; Vol. 61, No. 1. pp. 53-62.
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