Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population

Hans Degens, Thomas Mark Maden-Wilkinson, Alex Ireland, Marko T. Korhonen, Harri Suominen, Ari Heinonen, Zsolt Radak, Jamie S. McPhee, Jörn Rittweger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ageing is accompanied with a decline in respiratory function. It is hypothesised that this may be attenuated by high physical activity levels. We performed spirometry in master athletes (71 women; 84 men; 35-86 years) and sedentary people (39 women; 45 men; 24-82 years), and calculated the predicted lung age (PLA). The negative associations of age with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; 34 mL·year-1) and other ventilatory parameters were similar in controls and master athletes. FEV1pred was 9 % higher (P < 0.005) and PLA 15 % lower (P = 0.013) in athletes than controls. There were no significant differences between endurance and power athletes and sedentary people in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure. Neither age-graded performance nor weekly training hours were significantly related to lung age. Life-long exercise does not appear to attenuate the age-related decrease in ventilatory function. The better respiratory function in master athletes than age-matched sedentary people might be due to self-selection and attrition bias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1015
Number of pages9
JournalAge
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Athletes
Population
Lung
Exercise
Selection Bias
Spirometry
Forced Expiratory Volume
Maximal Respiratory Pressures

Keywords

  • FEV
  • Lung age
  • Mouth pressure
  • Peak expiratory flow
  • Physical activity
  • Physical exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Degens, H., Maden-Wilkinson, T. M., Ireland, A., Korhonen, M. T., Suominen, H., Heinonen, A., ... Rittweger, J. (2013). Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. Age, 35(3), 1007-1015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7

Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. / Degens, Hans; Maden-Wilkinson, Thomas Mark; Ireland, Alex; Korhonen, Marko T.; Suominen, Harri; Heinonen, Ari; Radak, Zsolt; McPhee, Jamie S.; Rittweger, Jörn.

In: Age, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.06.2013, p. 1007-1015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Degens, H, Maden-Wilkinson, TM, Ireland, A, Korhonen, MT, Suominen, H, Heinonen, A, Radak, Z, McPhee, JS & Rittweger, J 2013, 'Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population', Age, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1007-1015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7
Degens H, Maden-Wilkinson TM, Ireland A, Korhonen MT, Suominen H, Heinonen A et al. Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. Age. 2013 Jun 1;35(3):1007-1015. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7
Degens, Hans ; Maden-Wilkinson, Thomas Mark ; Ireland, Alex ; Korhonen, Marko T. ; Suominen, Harri ; Heinonen, Ari ; Radak, Zsolt ; McPhee, Jamie S. ; Rittweger, Jörn. / Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. In: Age. 2013 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 1007-1015.
@article{d852f1a7df364436bdbfd74123fbabbc,
title = "Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population",
abstract = "Ageing is accompanied with a decline in respiratory function. It is hypothesised that this may be attenuated by high physical activity levels. We performed spirometry in master athletes (71 women; 84 men; 35-86 years) and sedentary people (39 women; 45 men; 24-82 years), and calculated the predicted lung age (PLA). The negative associations of age with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; 34 mL·year-1) and other ventilatory parameters were similar in controls and master athletes. FEV1pred was 9 {\%} higher (P < 0.005) and PLA 15 {\%} lower (P = 0.013) in athletes than controls. There were no significant differences between endurance and power athletes and sedentary people in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure. Neither age-graded performance nor weekly training hours were significantly related to lung age. Life-long exercise does not appear to attenuate the age-related decrease in ventilatory function. The better respiratory function in master athletes than age-matched sedentary people might be due to self-selection and attrition bias.",
keywords = "FEV, Lung age, Mouth pressure, Peak expiratory flow, Physical activity, Physical exercise",
author = "Hans Degens and Maden-Wilkinson, {Thomas Mark} and Alex Ireland and Korhonen, {Marko T.} and Harri Suominen and Ari Heinonen and Zsolt Radak and McPhee, {Jamie S.} and J{\"o}rn Rittweger",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1007--1015",
journal = "GeroScience",
issn = "2509-2715",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population

AU - Degens, Hans

AU - Maden-Wilkinson, Thomas Mark

AU - Ireland, Alex

AU - Korhonen, Marko T.

AU - Suominen, Harri

AU - Heinonen, Ari

AU - Radak, Zsolt

AU - McPhee, Jamie S.

AU - Rittweger, Jörn

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - Ageing is accompanied with a decline in respiratory function. It is hypothesised that this may be attenuated by high physical activity levels. We performed spirometry in master athletes (71 women; 84 men; 35-86 years) and sedentary people (39 women; 45 men; 24-82 years), and calculated the predicted lung age (PLA). The negative associations of age with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; 34 mL·year-1) and other ventilatory parameters were similar in controls and master athletes. FEV1pred was 9 % higher (P < 0.005) and PLA 15 % lower (P = 0.013) in athletes than controls. There were no significant differences between endurance and power athletes and sedentary people in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure. Neither age-graded performance nor weekly training hours were significantly related to lung age. Life-long exercise does not appear to attenuate the age-related decrease in ventilatory function. The better respiratory function in master athletes than age-matched sedentary people might be due to self-selection and attrition bias.

AB - Ageing is accompanied with a decline in respiratory function. It is hypothesised that this may be attenuated by high physical activity levels. We performed spirometry in master athletes (71 women; 84 men; 35-86 years) and sedentary people (39 women; 45 men; 24-82 years), and calculated the predicted lung age (PLA). The negative associations of age with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1; 34 mL·year-1) and other ventilatory parameters were similar in controls and master athletes. FEV1pred was 9 % higher (P < 0.005) and PLA 15 % lower (P = 0.013) in athletes than controls. There were no significant differences between endurance and power athletes and sedentary people in maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure. Neither age-graded performance nor weekly training hours were significantly related to lung age. Life-long exercise does not appear to attenuate the age-related decrease in ventilatory function. The better respiratory function in master athletes than age-matched sedentary people might be due to self-selection and attrition bias.

KW - FEV

KW - Lung age

KW - Mouth pressure

KW - Peak expiratory flow

KW - Physical activity

KW - Physical exercise

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880571365&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880571365&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7

DO - 10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7

M3 - Article

C2 - 22544616

AN - SCOPUS:84880571365

VL - 35

SP - 1007

EP - 1015

JO - GeroScience

JF - GeroScience

SN - 2509-2715

IS - 3

ER -