Relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity genes to metabolic syndrome in adult Japanese Men

Kiyoshi Sanada, Motoyuki Iemitsu, Haruka Murakami, Ryoko Kawakami, Yuko Gando, Hiroshi Kawano, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Mitsuru Higuchi, Motohiko Miyachi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There has been a considerable increase in the number of studies reporting associations between DNA sequence variation in specific genes and metabolic syndrome (MetS). A low level of cardiorespiratory fitness is also a strong determining factor in the development of MetS. This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the influence of the interaction between obesity genes and cardiorespiratory fitness on the risk of MetS. Healthy Japanese men (n = 287) participated in this study. All subjects were divided into four groups, fitness level (high and low fitness groups), and age (younger, age <40 years and middle-aged/older, age ≥ 40 years). The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARγ2), the uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), and the fatty acid binding protein 2 (FABP2) genotypes were analyzed by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with Taq-Man probes. Two-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with adjustment for age as a covariate indicated that fitness, the CC genotype of C1431T in the PPARγ2, and the ValVal genotype of Ala55Val in the UCP2 genes interacted to produce a significant effect on MetS risk in Japanese adult men. We concluded that the CC genotype of C1431T in the PPARγ2 and the ValVal genotype of Ala55Val in the UCP2 genes together with low cardiorespiratory fitness may increase the risk of MetS in younger men (age <40 years), even with adjustment for age.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages171-191
Number of pages21
ISBN (Print)9784431553335, 9784431553328
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Keywords

  • FABP2
  • Genotype
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Physical fitness
  • PPARγ2
  • UCP2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sanada, K., Iemitsu, M., Murakami, H., Kawakami, R., Gando, Y., Kawano, H., Suzuki, K., Higuchi, M., & Miyachi, M. (2015). Relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity genes to metabolic syndrome in adult Japanese Men. In Physical Activity, Exercise, Sedentary Behavior and Health (pp. 171-191). Springer Japan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-55333-5_15