Relaxation of localized excitons by phonon emission at oxygen vacancies in Cu2O

Sandhaya Koirala, Mitsuyoshi Takahata, Yuji Hazama, Nobuko Naka, Koichiro Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the relaxation mechanism of localized excitons at optically active defect centers in cuprous oxide by the photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopies. We find that the temperature dependence of the PL and PLE spectra of the oxygen vacancy emission is well explained by the adiabatic potential model. The Huang-Rhys factors for the absorption and emission processes are obtained as ∼8, indicating the medium coupling of the exciton-phonon interaction. The effective frequencies of the vibrational levels are obtained as 16.5 meV and 16.1 meV, respectively, for the excited and ground states. These results indicate the Stokes shift of 0.269 ±0.008 eV which is released from the localized excitons as the lattice relaxation energy by phonon emission. Our energy level diagram resolves the previous discrepancy between the small activation energy and the large separation of the luminescence photon energies for free and localized excitons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-69
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phonons
Oxygen vacancies
Photoluminescence
excitons
Oxygen
photoluminescence
oxygen
excitation
Luminescence
Photons
Excited states
Crystal lattices
Electron energy levels
Ground state
Spectrum Analysis
Activation energy
energy levels
diagrams
Spectroscopy
luminescence

Keywords

  • Adiabatic potential model
  • Defect center
  • Relaxed exciton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Relaxation of localized excitons by phonon emission at oxygen vacancies in Cu2O. / Koirala, Sandhaya; Takahata, Mitsuyoshi; Hazama, Yuji; Naka, Nobuko; Tanaka, Koichiro.

In: Journal of Luminescence, Vol. 155, 01.01.2014, p. 65-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koirala, Sandhaya ; Takahata, Mitsuyoshi ; Hazama, Yuji ; Naka, Nobuko ; Tanaka, Koichiro. / Relaxation of localized excitons by phonon emission at oxygen vacancies in Cu2O. In: Journal of Luminescence. 2014 ; Vol. 155. pp. 65-69.
@article{7287b19d274847b081215764becca854,
title = "Relaxation of localized excitons by phonon emission at oxygen vacancies in Cu2O",
abstract = "We have studied the relaxation mechanism of localized excitons at optically active defect centers in cuprous oxide by the photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopies. We find that the temperature dependence of the PL and PLE spectra of the oxygen vacancy emission is well explained by the adiabatic potential model. The Huang-Rhys factors for the absorption and emission processes are obtained as ∼8, indicating the medium coupling of the exciton-phonon interaction. The effective frequencies of the vibrational levels are obtained as 16.5 meV and 16.1 meV, respectively, for the excited and ground states. These results indicate the Stokes shift of 0.269 ±0.008 eV which is released from the localized excitons as the lattice relaxation energy by phonon emission. Our energy level diagram resolves the previous discrepancy between the small activation energy and the large separation of the luminescence photon energies for free and localized excitons.",
keywords = "Adiabatic potential model, Defect center, Relaxed exciton",
author = "Sandhaya Koirala and Mitsuyoshi Takahata and Yuji Hazama and Nobuko Naka and Koichiro Tanaka",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.06.027",
language = "English",
volume = "155",
pages = "65--69",
journal = "Journal of Luminescence",
issn = "0022-2313",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relaxation of localized excitons by phonon emission at oxygen vacancies in Cu2O

AU - Koirala, Sandhaya

AU - Takahata, Mitsuyoshi

AU - Hazama, Yuji

AU - Naka, Nobuko

AU - Tanaka, Koichiro

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - We have studied the relaxation mechanism of localized excitons at optically active defect centers in cuprous oxide by the photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopies. We find that the temperature dependence of the PL and PLE spectra of the oxygen vacancy emission is well explained by the adiabatic potential model. The Huang-Rhys factors for the absorption and emission processes are obtained as ∼8, indicating the medium coupling of the exciton-phonon interaction. The effective frequencies of the vibrational levels are obtained as 16.5 meV and 16.1 meV, respectively, for the excited and ground states. These results indicate the Stokes shift of 0.269 ±0.008 eV which is released from the localized excitons as the lattice relaxation energy by phonon emission. Our energy level diagram resolves the previous discrepancy between the small activation energy and the large separation of the luminescence photon energies for free and localized excitons.

AB - We have studied the relaxation mechanism of localized excitons at optically active defect centers in cuprous oxide by the photoluminescence (PL) and photoluminescence excitation (PLE) spectroscopies. We find that the temperature dependence of the PL and PLE spectra of the oxygen vacancy emission is well explained by the adiabatic potential model. The Huang-Rhys factors for the absorption and emission processes are obtained as ∼8, indicating the medium coupling of the exciton-phonon interaction. The effective frequencies of the vibrational levels are obtained as 16.5 meV and 16.1 meV, respectively, for the excited and ground states. These results indicate the Stokes shift of 0.269 ±0.008 eV which is released from the localized excitons as the lattice relaxation energy by phonon emission. Our energy level diagram resolves the previous discrepancy between the small activation energy and the large separation of the luminescence photon energies for free and localized excitons.

KW - Adiabatic potential model

KW - Defect center

KW - Relaxed exciton

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903954110&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903954110&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.06.027

DO - 10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.06.027

M3 - Article

VL - 155

SP - 65

EP - 69

JO - Journal of Luminescence

JF - Journal of Luminescence

SN - 0022-2313

ER -