Removal and simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI)by organo-Fe(III)composites produced during coprecipitation and coagulation processes

Kai Yue Chen, Yu Min Tzou, Ya Ting Chan, Jeng Jzung Wu, Heng Yi Teah, Yu Ting Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composites formed during the coprecipitation and/or coagulation of ubiquitous dissolved organic matter (DOM)and Fe in natural and waste water systems might be potential scavengers for Cr(VI)in terms of sorption and reduction. Our objective here was to determine sorption and simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI)on organo-Fe(III)composites (OFC)in relation coprecipitated pH and C/(C + Fe)ratios. Results showed the greatest Cr sorption of 51.8 mg g −1 on the OFC sample that was precipitated at pH 3 and contained the C/(C + Fe)molar ratio of 0.71. Wherein the Cr(VI)removal subsequent to the coprecipitation was dominated by the sorption on Fe hydroxides. Although amounts of total sorbed Cr decreased with increasing C/(C + Fe)molar ratio, the reverse trend on Cr(VI)reducibility compensated the Cr(VI)removal capability of OFC samples. With C/(C + Fe)molar ratios ≥ 0.89, the increasing amounts of coprecipitated organic matter that homogeneously distributed with Fe domains on OFC surfaces could trigger a significantly pronounced Cr reduction. Collectively, our results suggested an alternative method for Cr(VI)remediation by manipulating C/Fe ratios in suspensions. After the sorption of most Cr(VI)on Fe hydroxides, increasing C/Fe ratio in systems could further improve the Cr(VI)removal efficiency by the reduction of remaining Cr(VI)to Cr(III).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume376
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 15

Fingerprint

Coprecipitation
Coagulation
coagulation
Sorption
sorption
Composite materials
Biological materials
hydroxide
Hydroxides
scavenger
Remediation
dissolved organic matter
Wastewater
remediation
chromium hexavalent ion
removal
organic matter
Waste Water
Suspensions

Keywords

  • Cr(VI)
  • Dissolved organic matter
  • Organo-Fe(III)composites
  • Reduction
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Removal and simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI)by organo-Fe(III)composites produced during coprecipitation and coagulation processes. / Chen, Kai Yue; Tzou, Yu Min; Chan, Ya Ting; Wu, Jeng Jzung; Teah, Heng Yi; Liu, Yu Ting.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 376, 15.08.2019, p. 12-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Composites formed during the coprecipitation and/or coagulation of ubiquitous dissolved organic matter (DOM)and Fe in natural and waste water systems might be potential scavengers for Cr(VI)in terms of sorption and reduction. Our objective here was to determine sorption and simultaneous reduction of Cr(VI)on organo-Fe(III)composites (OFC)in relation coprecipitated pH and C/(C + Fe)ratios. Results showed the greatest Cr sorption of 51.8 mg g −1 on the OFC sample that was precipitated at pH 3 and contained the C/(C + Fe)molar ratio of 0.71. Wherein the Cr(VI)removal subsequent to the coprecipitation was dominated by the sorption on Fe hydroxides. Although amounts of total sorbed Cr decreased with increasing C/(C + Fe)molar ratio, the reverse trend on Cr(VI)reducibility compensated the Cr(VI)removal capability of OFC samples. With C/(C + Fe)molar ratios ≥ 0.89, the increasing amounts of coprecipitated organic matter that homogeneously distributed with Fe domains on OFC surfaces could trigger a significantly pronounced Cr reduction. Collectively, our results suggested an alternative method for Cr(VI)remediation by manipulating C/Fe ratios in suspensions. After the sorption of most Cr(VI)on Fe hydroxides, increasing C/Fe ratio in systems could further improve the Cr(VI)removal efficiency by the reduction of remaining Cr(VI)to Cr(III).

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