Research of deep dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons

Guo Chang Li, Dao Min Min, Sheng Tao Li, Xiao Quan Zheng, Jia Sheng Ru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deep-layer dielectric charge and discharge in insulating material irradiated by energetic electrons are one of the major factors causing spacecraft anomalies. In this paper we establish a two-dimensional physical model of deep-layer dielectric charging, based on charge distribution and energy deposition of incident electrons and conductivity properties. The model is accomplished by finite element method, and the deep-layer dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons are calculated. The calculation results show that in the vacuum environment, in the surface of the dielectric there exists a weak reverse electric field, and it first decreases to zero and then increases with the increase of depth. The maximum electric field appears near the ground, but the electric field presents a slight reduction at the position of ground point. Space-time evolution characteristics of the maximum potential and maximum electric field in different radiation times (one hour, one day, ten days and 30 days) within dielectric are analyzed. With the increase of radiation time, the maximum potential increases from -128 V to -7.9×104 V, and the maximum electric field increases from 2.83×105 V·m-1 to 1.76×108 V·m-1. Finally, the influence of electron-beam density on the maximum electric field is discussed. In a typical space environment (1×10-10 A·m-2), the maximum electric field reaches 2.95×106 V/m·m-1 for ten days. However, in severe space environment (2×10-8 A·m-2, the maximum electric field rapidly reaches 108 V/m for 42 hours, exceeding the breakdown threshold (about 108 V·m-1), which may easily cause electrostatic discharge). The physical model and numerical method can be used as a research basis of multi-dimension electric filed simulation of spacecraft complex parts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number209401
JournalWuli Xuebao/Acta Physica Sinica
Volume63
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 20
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

charging
electric fields
electrons
aerospace environments
spacecraft
radiation
insulation
charge distribution
finite element method
breakdown
electron beams
electrostatics
anomalies
conductivity
vacuum
thresholds
causes
simulation

Keywords

  • Deep dielectric charging
  • Energetic electrons radiation
  • Polytetrafluoroethene
  • Two dimension electric field simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Research of deep dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons. / Li, Guo Chang; Min, Dao Min; Li, Sheng Tao; Zheng, Xiao Quan; Ru, Jia Sheng.

In: Wuli Xuebao/Acta Physica Sinica, Vol. 63, No. 20, 209401, 20.10.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Guo Chang ; Min, Dao Min ; Li, Sheng Tao ; Zheng, Xiao Quan ; Ru, Jia Sheng. / Research of deep dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons. In: Wuli Xuebao/Acta Physica Sinica. 2014 ; Vol. 63, No. 20.
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abstract = "Deep-layer dielectric charge and discharge in insulating material irradiated by energetic electrons are one of the major factors causing spacecraft anomalies. In this paper we establish a two-dimensional physical model of deep-layer dielectric charging, based on charge distribution and energy deposition of incident electrons and conductivity properties. The model is accomplished by finite element method, and the deep-layer dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons are calculated. The calculation results show that in the vacuum environment, in the surface of the dielectric there exists a weak reverse electric field, and it first decreases to zero and then increases with the increase of depth. The maximum electric field appears near the ground, but the electric field presents a slight reduction at the position of ground point. Space-time evolution characteristics of the maximum potential and maximum electric field in different radiation times (one hour, one day, ten days and 30 days) within dielectric are analyzed. With the increase of radiation time, the maximum potential increases from -128 V to -7.9×104 V, and the maximum electric field increases from 2.83×105 V·m-1 to 1.76×108 V·m-1. Finally, the influence of electron-beam density on the maximum electric field is discussed. In a typical space environment (1×10-10 A·m-2), the maximum electric field reaches 2.95×106 V/m·m-1 for ten days. However, in severe space environment (2×10-8 A·m-2, the maximum electric field rapidly reaches 108 V/m for 42 hours, exceeding the breakdown threshold (about 108 V·m-1), which may easily cause electrostatic discharge). The physical model and numerical method can be used as a research basis of multi-dimension electric filed simulation of spacecraft complex parts.",
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AB - Deep-layer dielectric charge and discharge in insulating material irradiated by energetic electrons are one of the major factors causing spacecraft anomalies. In this paper we establish a two-dimensional physical model of deep-layer dielectric charging, based on charge distribution and energy deposition of incident electrons and conductivity properties. The model is accomplished by finite element method, and the deep-layer dielectric charging characteristics of polytetrafluoroethene irradiated by energetic electrons are calculated. The calculation results show that in the vacuum environment, in the surface of the dielectric there exists a weak reverse electric field, and it first decreases to zero and then increases with the increase of depth. The maximum electric field appears near the ground, but the electric field presents a slight reduction at the position of ground point. Space-time evolution characteristics of the maximum potential and maximum electric field in different radiation times (one hour, one day, ten days and 30 days) within dielectric are analyzed. With the increase of radiation time, the maximum potential increases from -128 V to -7.9×104 V, and the maximum electric field increases from 2.83×105 V·m-1 to 1.76×108 V·m-1. Finally, the influence of electron-beam density on the maximum electric field is discussed. In a typical space environment (1×10-10 A·m-2), the maximum electric field reaches 2.95×106 V/m·m-1 for ten days. However, in severe space environment (2×10-8 A·m-2, the maximum electric field rapidly reaches 108 V/m for 42 hours, exceeding the breakdown threshold (about 108 V·m-1), which may easily cause electrostatic discharge). The physical model and numerical method can be used as a research basis of multi-dimension electric filed simulation of spacecraft complex parts.

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