Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China

Zhuo Zhang, Kazuhiko Moji, Guoxi Cai, Junichi Ikemoto, Chushi Kuroiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that sharps-related infectious disease is a global concern. Several papers have also reported that students are at a higher risk than healthcare workers. The prevalence of sharps exposure in China, however, is unknown. This study explored the incidence of sharps exposure and its related risk factors among students in all academic years and majors at a medical university in China. This cross sectional study was conducted at a Chinese medical university in May 2005. Stratified random sampling was used. Students in all five academic years (Y1-Y5) who were majoring in clinical medicine, nursing, dentistry, medical technology, pharmacology, acupuncture/massage, and public affairs management were provided questionnaires. Nine hundred seventy of 1,070 (90.7%) students completed the questionnaire. One hundred twenty-two of 968 (12.6%) students reported a total of 131 sharps exposures during the previous 12 months. Of these exposures, 24.7% occurred in academic year five (Y5) students, followed by 23.4% in academic year four (Y4) students. Dental students had the highest incidence rate at 20.6%, followed by medical students (16.0%), nursing students (12.2%), and acupuncture/massage students (5.0%). Only 45 (34.4%) of sharps exposures were reported to a supervisor, and the students displayed a general lack of knowledge of occupational exposure standards (OES). In conclusion, sharps exposures most frequently occurred among students from 3 majors: dentistry, nursing, and clinical medicine. Sharps exposures were underreported to supervisors. Effective OES educational programs need to be developed and should be implemented early in health science students' education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalBioScience Trends
Volume2
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

health science
China
Health
Students
student
Nursing
Massage
acupuncture
Clinical Medicine
Acupuncture
Occupational Exposure
Dentistry
nursing
dentistry
Supervisory personnel
Medicine
incidence
Dental Students
medicine
Nursing Students

Keywords

  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Medical education
  • Occupational exposure
  • Sharps exposure
  • Sharps injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Zhang, Z., Moji, K., Cai, G., Ikemoto, J., & Kuroiwa, C. (2008). Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China. BioScience Trends, 2(3), 105-111.

Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China. / Zhang, Zhuo; Moji, Kazuhiko; Cai, Guoxi; Ikemoto, Junichi; Kuroiwa, Chushi.

In: BioScience Trends, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2008, p. 105-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Z, Moji, K, Cai, G, Ikemoto, J & Kuroiwa, C 2008, 'Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China', BioScience Trends, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 105-111.
Zhang Z, Moji K, Cai G, Ikemoto J, Kuroiwa C. Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China. BioScience Trends. 2008;2(3):105-111.
Zhang, Zhuo ; Moji, Kazuhiko ; Cai, Guoxi ; Ikemoto, Junichi ; Kuroiwa, Chushi. / Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China. In: BioScience Trends. 2008 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 105-111.
@article{fbe596b26ebf4881881d1fcab65e4664,
title = "Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China",
abstract = "Previous studies have demonstrated that sharps-related infectious disease is a global concern. Several papers have also reported that students are at a higher risk than healthcare workers. The prevalence of sharps exposure in China, however, is unknown. This study explored the incidence of sharps exposure and its related risk factors among students in all academic years and majors at a medical university in China. This cross sectional study was conducted at a Chinese medical university in May 2005. Stratified random sampling was used. Students in all five academic years (Y1-Y5) who were majoring in clinical medicine, nursing, dentistry, medical technology, pharmacology, acupuncture/massage, and public affairs management were provided questionnaires. Nine hundred seventy of 1,070 (90.7{\%}) students completed the questionnaire. One hundred twenty-two of 968 (12.6{\%}) students reported a total of 131 sharps exposures during the previous 12 months. Of these exposures, 24.7{\%} occurred in academic year five (Y5) students, followed by 23.4{\%} in academic year four (Y4) students. Dental students had the highest incidence rate at 20.6{\%}, followed by medical students (16.0{\%}), nursing students (12.2{\%}), and acupuncture/massage students (5.0{\%}). Only 45 (34.4{\%}) of sharps exposures were reported to a supervisor, and the students displayed a general lack of knowledge of occupational exposure standards (OES). In conclusion, sharps exposures most frequently occurred among students from 3 majors: dentistry, nursing, and clinical medicine. Sharps exposures were underreported to supervisors. Effective OES educational programs need to be developed and should be implemented early in health science students' education.",
keywords = "Bloodborne pathogens, Medical education, Occupational exposure, Sharps exposure, Sharps injuries",
author = "Zhuo Zhang and Kazuhiko Moji and Guoxi Cai and Junichi Ikemoto and Chushi Kuroiwa",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "105--111",
journal = "BioScience Trends",
issn = "1881-7815",
publisher = "International Advancement Center for Medicine & Health Research Co., Ltd. (IACMHR Co., Ltd.)",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China

AU - Zhang, Zhuo

AU - Moji, Kazuhiko

AU - Cai, Guoxi

AU - Ikemoto, Junichi

AU - Kuroiwa, Chushi

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Previous studies have demonstrated that sharps-related infectious disease is a global concern. Several papers have also reported that students are at a higher risk than healthcare workers. The prevalence of sharps exposure in China, however, is unknown. This study explored the incidence of sharps exposure and its related risk factors among students in all academic years and majors at a medical university in China. This cross sectional study was conducted at a Chinese medical university in May 2005. Stratified random sampling was used. Students in all five academic years (Y1-Y5) who were majoring in clinical medicine, nursing, dentistry, medical technology, pharmacology, acupuncture/massage, and public affairs management were provided questionnaires. Nine hundred seventy of 1,070 (90.7%) students completed the questionnaire. One hundred twenty-two of 968 (12.6%) students reported a total of 131 sharps exposures during the previous 12 months. Of these exposures, 24.7% occurred in academic year five (Y5) students, followed by 23.4% in academic year four (Y4) students. Dental students had the highest incidence rate at 20.6%, followed by medical students (16.0%), nursing students (12.2%), and acupuncture/massage students (5.0%). Only 45 (34.4%) of sharps exposures were reported to a supervisor, and the students displayed a general lack of knowledge of occupational exposure standards (OES). In conclusion, sharps exposures most frequently occurred among students from 3 majors: dentistry, nursing, and clinical medicine. Sharps exposures were underreported to supervisors. Effective OES educational programs need to be developed and should be implemented early in health science students' education.

AB - Previous studies have demonstrated that sharps-related infectious disease is a global concern. Several papers have also reported that students are at a higher risk than healthcare workers. The prevalence of sharps exposure in China, however, is unknown. This study explored the incidence of sharps exposure and its related risk factors among students in all academic years and majors at a medical university in China. This cross sectional study was conducted at a Chinese medical university in May 2005. Stratified random sampling was used. Students in all five academic years (Y1-Y5) who were majoring in clinical medicine, nursing, dentistry, medical technology, pharmacology, acupuncture/massage, and public affairs management were provided questionnaires. Nine hundred seventy of 1,070 (90.7%) students completed the questionnaire. One hundred twenty-two of 968 (12.6%) students reported a total of 131 sharps exposures during the previous 12 months. Of these exposures, 24.7% occurred in academic year five (Y5) students, followed by 23.4% in academic year four (Y4) students. Dental students had the highest incidence rate at 20.6%, followed by medical students (16.0%), nursing students (12.2%), and acupuncture/massage students (5.0%). Only 45 (34.4%) of sharps exposures were reported to a supervisor, and the students displayed a general lack of knowledge of occupational exposure standards (OES). In conclusion, sharps exposures most frequently occurred among students from 3 majors: dentistry, nursing, and clinical medicine. Sharps exposures were underreported to supervisors. Effective OES educational programs need to be developed and should be implemented early in health science students' education.

KW - Bloodborne pathogens

KW - Medical education

KW - Occupational exposure

KW - Sharps exposure

KW - Sharps injuries

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951622230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77951622230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 105

EP - 111

JO - BioScience Trends

JF - BioScience Trends

SN - 1881-7815

IS - 3

ER -