Role of dynamic interactions between hydrogen and straininduced martensite transformation in hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel

Yuma Yoshioka, Ken'ichi Yokoyama, Jun'ichi Sakai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The role of the dynamic interactions between hydrogen and the strain-induced martensite transformation in the hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel has been investigated by fractographic observations after a modified hydrogen charging. The modified charging is cathodically conducted in 3.5% NaCl solution at 80°C under aerated conditions while preventing the dissolution of chlorine and oxygen gases evolving on the platinum counter electrode, thus increasing the amount of hydrogen thermally desorbed at low temperatures. Upon tensile testing at 160°C, plastic deformation of the austenite phase in the stainless steel occurs, but no strain-induced martensite transformation occurs. The fracture surface of the hydrogen-charged specimen exhibits the double-cup mode and consists of microscopic shallow dimples. Upon tensile testing at 25°C, the martensite transformation and plastic deformation both occur and are intricately related; a brittle area is observed on the outer part of the fracture surface that exhibits both transgranular and intergranular fracture. At-196°C, the martensite transformation increases, but the amount of plastic deformation decreases and the amount of intergranular fracture increases. It is found that, when the martensite transformation occurs before hydrogen charging, the amount of intergranular fracture decreases. Moreover, when charged hydrogen is trapped in defects in the austenite phase, the amount of intergranular fracture also decreases. The present study indicates that the dynamic interactions between hydrogen and the martensite transformation play an important role in the hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1772-1780
    Number of pages9
    JournalISIJ International
    Volume55
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint

    Hydrogen embrittlement
    Stainless Steel
    Martensite
    Hydrogen
    Stainless steel
    Plastic deformation
    Tensile testing
    Austenite
    Chlorine
    Platinum
    Dissolution
    Gases
    Oxygen
    Defects
    Electrodes

    Keywords

    • Fractography
    • Hydrogen embrittlement
    • Martensite
    • Stainless steel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Metals and Alloys

    Cite this

    Role of dynamic interactions between hydrogen and straininduced martensite transformation in hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel. / Yoshioka, Yuma; Yokoyama, Ken'ichi; Sakai, Jun'ichi.

    In: ISIJ International, Vol. 55, No. 8, 2015, p. 1772-1780.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The role of the dynamic interactions between hydrogen and the strain-induced martensite transformation in the hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel has been investigated by fractographic observations after a modified hydrogen charging. The modified charging is cathodically conducted in 3.5% NaCl solution at 80°C under aerated conditions while preventing the dissolution of chlorine and oxygen gases evolving on the platinum counter electrode, thus increasing the amount of hydrogen thermally desorbed at low temperatures. Upon tensile testing at 160°C, plastic deformation of the austenite phase in the stainless steel occurs, but no strain-induced martensite transformation occurs. The fracture surface of the hydrogen-charged specimen exhibits the double-cup mode and consists of microscopic shallow dimples. Upon tensile testing at 25°C, the martensite transformation and plastic deformation both occur and are intricately related; a brittle area is observed on the outer part of the fracture surface that exhibits both transgranular and intergranular fracture. At-196°C, the martensite transformation increases, but the amount of plastic deformation decreases and the amount of intergranular fracture increases. It is found that, when the martensite transformation occurs before hydrogen charging, the amount of intergranular fracture decreases. Moreover, when charged hydrogen is trapped in defects in the austenite phase, the amount of intergranular fracture also decreases. The present study indicates that the dynamic interactions between hydrogen and the martensite transformation play an important role in the hydrogen embrittlement of type 304 stainless steel.

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