Role of endothelial microRNA-23 clusters in angiogenesis in vivo

Satoshi Oikawa, Shogo Wada, Minjung Lee, Seiji Maeda, Takayuki Akimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The capillary network is distributed throughout the body, and its reconstruction is induced under various pathophysiological conditions. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression via posttran-scriptional mechanisms and are involved in many biological functions, including angiogenesis. Previous studies have shown that each microRNA of miR-23 clusters, composed of the miR-23a cluster (miR-23a~27a~24-2) and miR-23b cluster (miR-23b~27b~24-1), regulates angiogenesis in vitro. However, the role of miR-23 clusters, located within a single transcription unit, in angiogenesis in vivo has not been elucidated. In the present study, we generated vascular endothelial cell (EC)-specific miR-23 cluster double-knockout (DKO) mice and demonstrated sprouting angiogenesis under various conditions, including voluntary running exercise, hindlimb ischemia, skin wound healing, and EC sprouting from aorta explants. Here, we demonstrated that EC-specific miR-23 DKO mice are viable and fertile, with no gross abnormalities observed in pups or adults. The capillary number was normally increased in the muscles of these DKO mice in response to 2 wk of voluntary running and hindlimb ischemia. Furthermore, we did not observe any abnormalities in skin wound closure or EC sprouting from aortic ring explants in EC-specific miR-23 cluster DKO mice. Our results suggest that endothelial miR-23 clusters are dispensable for embryonic development and postnatal angiogenesis in vivo. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We generated vascular endothelial cell (EC)-specific miR-23a/b cluster double-knockout mice and determined sprouting angiogenesis under various conditions, including voluntary running exercise, hindlimb ischemia, skin wound healing, and EC sprouting from aorta explants. We demonstrated that the double-knockout mice were viable and fertile, with no gross abnormalities in exercise-and ischemia-induced angiogenesis and skin wound closure or EC sprouting from aortic ring explants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H838-H846
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume315
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelium
  • Exercise
  • miR-23
  • microRNAs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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