The d-vector in possibile spin triplet superconductor Na xCoO2·yH2O is microscopically investigated on the basis of the multi-orbital Hubbard model including the atomic spin-orbit coupling. As a result of the perturbation theory, we obtain the stable spin triplet superconductivity where the p-wave and f-wave states can be stabilized. If we neglect the spin-orbit coupling, superconducting state has 6-fold (3-fold) degeneracy in the p-wave (f-wave) state. This degeneracy is lifted by the spin-orbit coupling. We determine the d-vector within the linearlized Dyson-Gorkov equation. It is shown that the d-vector is always along the plane when the pairing symmetry is p-wave, while it depends on the parameters in case of the f-wave state. The lifting of degeneracy is significant in the p-wave state while it is very small in the f-wave state. This is because the first order term with respect to the spin-orbit coupling is effective in the former case, while it is ineffective in the latter case. The consistency of these results with NMR and μSR measurements are discussed.
- Multi-orbital model
- Spin triplet superconductivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)