Satellite Ecology (SATECO)-linking ecology, remote sensing and micrometeorology, from plot to regional scale, for the study of ecosystem structure and function

Hiroyuki Muraoka, Hiroshi Koizumi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    38 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is a growing requirement for ecosystem science to help inform a deeper understanding of the effects of global climate change and land use change on terrestrial ecosystem structure and function, from small area (plot) to landscape, regional and global scales. To meet these requirements, ecologists have investigated plant growth and carbon cycling processes at plot scale, using biometric methods to measure plant carbon accumulation, and gas exchange (chamber) methods to measure soil respiration. Also at the plot scale, micrometeorologists have attempted to measure canopy- or ecosystem-scale CO 2 flux by the eddy covariance technique, which reveals diurnal, seasonal and annual cycles. Mathematical models play an important role in integrating ecological and micrometeorological processes into ecosystem scales, which are further useful in interpreting time-accumulated information derived from biometric methods by comparing with CO2 flux measurements. For a spatial scaling of such plot-level understanding, remote sensing via satellite is used to measure land use/vegetation type distribution and temporal changes in ecosystem structures such as leaf area index. However, to better utilise such data, there is still a need for investigations that consider the structure and function of ecosystems and their processes, especially in mountainous areas characterized by complex terrain and a mosaic distribution of vegetation. For this purpose, we have established a new interdisciplinary approach named 'Satellite Ecology', which aims to link ecology, remote sensing and micrometeorology to facilitate the study of ecosystem function, at the plot, landscape, and regional scale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-20
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of Plant Research
    Volume122
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan

    Fingerprint

    remote sensing
    ecology
    ecosystems
    biometry
    carbon
    eddy covariance
    soil respiration
    ecologists
    methodology
    land use change
    leaf area index
    vegetation types
    gas exchange
    mathematical models
    land use
    climate change
    plant growth
    canopy
    vegetation

    Keywords

    • Carbon cycle
    • CO flux
    • Ecophysiology
    • Ecosystem
    • Remote sensing
    • Satellite ecology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Plant Science

    Cite this

    Satellite Ecology (SATECO)-linking ecology, remote sensing and micrometeorology, from plot to regional scale, for the study of ecosystem structure and function. / Muraoka, Hiroyuki; Koizumi, Hiroshi.

    In: Journal of Plant Research, Vol. 122, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 3-20.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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