School sport-A neurophysiological approach

Stefan Schneider, Tobias Vogt, Johanna Frysch, Petra Guardiera, Heiko K. Strüder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify neurophysiological correlates for previously reported positive effects of exercise on academic achievement in school children using a distributed source localization algorithm. Electro-cortical activity of 11 school children (9-10y) was recorded before and after a moderate 15-min bike exercise. Data were analyzed using standardized low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) in the alpha (7.5-12.5 Hz) and beta (12.5-35 Hz) frequency range. We were able to show a significant increase in alpha activity post-exercise, which could be localized in the precuneus. Moreover a distinct decrease in beta activity could be noticed post-exercise in left temporal areas including Wernicke's area. We propose that apart from health-promoting aspects school sport serves a second even more important challenge. On a central level a well observed overall state of physical relaxation after exercise is reflected by a more synchronized state in the precuneus. We speculate this to be responsible for an increase in concentrativeness and cognitive function post-exercise. Moreover a previously reported increase in academic achievement post-exercise could be directly linked to exercise induced neuroplasticity in regions that are relevant for language processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume467
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 25
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cognitive function
  • EEG
  • Precuneus
  • School sport
  • Wernicke's area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Schneider, S., Vogt, T., Frysch, J., Guardiera, P., & Strüder, H. K. (2009). School sport-A neurophysiological approach. Neuroscience Letters, 467(2), 131-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2009.10.022