Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV

P. R. Burchat, M. King, G. S. Abrams, C. E. Adolphsen, D. Averill, J. Ballam, B. C. Barish, T. Barklow, B. A. Barnett, J. Bartelt, S. Bethke, D. Blockus, G. Bonvicini, A. Boyarski, B. Brabson, A. Breakstone, F. Bulos, D. L. Burke, R. J. Cence, J. ChapmanM. Chmeissani, D. Cords, D. P. Coupal, P. Dauncey, H. C. Destaebler, D. E. Dorfan, J. M. Dorfan, D. C. Drewer, R. Elia, G. J. Feldman, D. Fernandes, R. C. Field, W. T. Ford, C. Fordham, R. Frey, D. Fujino, K. K. Gan, C. Gatto, E. Gero, G. Gidal, T. Glanzman, G. Goldhaber, J. J.Gomez Cadenas, G. Gratta, G. Grindhammer, P. Grosse-Wiesmann, G. Hanson, R. Harr, B. Harral, F. A. Harris, C. M. Hawkes, K. Hayes, C. Hearty, C. A. Heusch, M. D. Hildreth, T. Himel, D. A. Hinshaw, S. J. Hong, D. Hutchinson, J. Hylen, W. R. Innes, R. G. Jacobsen, J. A. Jaros, C. K. Jung, J. A. Kadyk, J. Kent, S. R. Klein, D. S. Koetke, Sachio Komamiya, W. Koska, L. A. Kowalski, W. Kozanecki, J. F. Kral, M. Kuhlen, L. Labarga, A. J. Lankford, R. R. Larsen, F. Le Diberder, M. E. Levi, A. M. Litke, X. C. Lou, V. L̈th, J. A. McKenna, J. A.J. Matthews, T. Mattison, B. D. Milliken, K. C. Moffeit, C. T. Munger, W. N. Murray, J. Nash, H. Ogren, K. F. O'Shaughnessy, S. I. Parker, C. Peck, M. L. Perl, F. Perrier, M. Petradza, R. Pitthan, F. C. Porter, P. Rankin, K. Riles, F. R. Rouse, D. R. Rust, H. F.W. Sadrozinski, M. W. Schaad, B. A. Schumm, A. Seiden, J. G. Smith, A. Snyder, E. Soderstrom, D. P. Stoker, R. Stroynowski, M. Swartz, R. Thun, G. H. Trilling, R. Van Kooten, P. Voruganti, S. R. Wagner, S. Watson, P. Weber, A. Weigend, A. J. Weinstein, A. J. Weir, E. Wicklund, M. Woods, D. Y. Wu, M. Yurko, C. Zaccardelli, C. Von Zanthier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the sample of neutral vector bosons (Z's) produced at the SLAC Linear Collider and detected with the Mark II detector, we search for the decay of the Z to a pair of particles, one of which decays to two charged particles. The observed number of Z decays with this signature excludes, at a confidence level greater than 95%, the decay of the Z to a pair of fourth-generation Dirac neutrinos with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV, a decay length less than about 1 cm, and coupling to any of the first three generations of charged leptons. This is the first time the existence of such a lepton coupling to the ± has been excluded by a direct search.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3542-3545
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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leptons
decay
confidence
charged particles
bosons
neutrinos
signatures
detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Burchat, P. R., King, M., Abrams, G. S., Adolphsen, C. E., Averill, D., Ballam, J., ... Von Zanthier, C. (1990). Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV. Physical Review D, 41(11), 3542-3545. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.41.3542

Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV. / Burchat, P. R.; King, M.; Abrams, G. S.; Adolphsen, C. E.; Averill, D.; Ballam, J.; Barish, B. C.; Barklow, T.; Barnett, B. A.; Bartelt, J.; Bethke, S.; Blockus, D.; Bonvicini, G.; Boyarski, A.; Brabson, B.; Breakstone, A.; Bulos, F.; Burke, D. L.; Cence, R. J.; Chapman, J.; Chmeissani, M.; Cords, D.; Coupal, D. P.; Dauncey, P.; Destaebler, H. C.; Dorfan, D. E.; Dorfan, J. M.; Drewer, D. C.; Elia, R.; Feldman, G. J.; Fernandes, D.; Field, R. C.; Ford, W. T.; Fordham, C.; Frey, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K. K.; Gatto, C.; Gero, E.; Gidal, G.; Glanzman, T.; Goldhaber, G.; Cadenas, J. J.Gomez; Gratta, G.; Grindhammer, G.; Grosse-Wiesmann, P.; Hanson, G.; Harr, R.; Harral, B.; Harris, F. A.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hayes, K.; Hearty, C.; Heusch, C. A.; Hildreth, M. D.; Himel, T.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Hong, S. J.; Hutchinson, D.; Hylen, J.; Innes, W. R.; Jacobsen, R. G.; Jaros, J. A.; Jung, C. K.; Kadyk, J. A.; Kent, J.; Klein, S. R.; Koetke, D. S.; Komamiya, Sachio; Koska, W.; Kowalski, L. A.; Kozanecki, W.; Kral, J. F.; Kuhlen, M.; Labarga, L.; Lankford, A. J.; Larsen, R. R.; Le Diberder, F.; Levi, M. E.; Litke, A. M.; Lou, X. C.; L̈th, V.; McKenna, J. A.; Matthews, J. A.J.; Mattison, T.; Milliken, B. D.; Moffeit, K. C.; Munger, C. T.; Murray, W. N.; Nash, J.; Ogren, H.; O'Shaughnessy, K. F.; Parker, S. I.; Peck, C.; Perl, M. L.; Perrier, F.; Petradza, M.; Pitthan, R.; Porter, F. C.; Rankin, P.; Riles, K.; Rouse, F. R.; Rust, D. R.; Sadrozinski, H. F.W.; Schaad, M. W.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Smith, J. G.; Snyder, A.; Soderstrom, E.; Stoker, D. P.; Stroynowski, R.; Swartz, M.; Thun, R.; Trilling, G. H.; Van Kooten, R.; Voruganti, P.; Wagner, S. R.; Watson, S.; Weber, P.; Weigend, A.; Weinstein, A. J.; Weir, A. J.; Wicklund, E.; Woods, M.; Wu, D. Y.; Yurko, M.; Zaccardelli, C.; Von Zanthier, C.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 41, No. 11, 01.01.1990, p. 3542-3545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burchat, PR, King, M, Abrams, GS, Adolphsen, CE, Averill, D, Ballam, J, Barish, BC, Barklow, T, Barnett, BA, Bartelt, J, Bethke, S, Blockus, D, Bonvicini, G, Boyarski, A, Brabson, B, Breakstone, A, Bulos, F, Burke, DL, Cence, RJ, Chapman, J, Chmeissani, M, Cords, D, Coupal, DP, Dauncey, P, Destaebler, HC, Dorfan, DE, Dorfan, JM, Drewer, DC, Elia, R, Feldman, GJ, Fernandes, D, Field, RC, Ford, WT, Fordham, C, Frey, R, Fujino, D, Gan, KK, Gatto, C, Gero, E, Gidal, G, Glanzman, T, Goldhaber, G, Cadenas, JJG, Gratta, G, Grindhammer, G, Grosse-Wiesmann, P, Hanson, G, Harr, R, Harral, B, Harris, FA, Hawkes, CM, Hayes, K, Hearty, C, Heusch, CA, Hildreth, MD, Himel, T, Hinshaw, DA, Hong, SJ, Hutchinson, D, Hylen, J, Innes, WR, Jacobsen, RG, Jaros, JA, Jung, CK, Kadyk, JA, Kent, J, Klein, SR, Koetke, DS, Komamiya, S, Koska, W, Kowalski, LA, Kozanecki, W, Kral, JF, Kuhlen, M, Labarga, L, Lankford, AJ, Larsen, RR, Le Diberder, F, Levi, ME, Litke, AM, Lou, XC, L̈th, V, McKenna, JA, Matthews, JAJ, Mattison, T, Milliken, BD, Moffeit, KC, Munger, CT, Murray, WN, Nash, J, Ogren, H, O'Shaughnessy, KF, Parker, SI, Peck, C, Perl, ML, Perrier, F, Petradza, M, Pitthan, R, Porter, FC, Rankin, P, Riles, K, Rouse, FR, Rust, DR, Sadrozinski, HFW, Schaad, MW, Schumm, BA, Seiden, A, Smith, JG, Snyder, A, Soderstrom, E, Stoker, DP, Stroynowski, R, Swartz, M, Thun, R, Trilling, GH, Van Kooten, R, Voruganti, P, Wagner, SR, Watson, S, Weber, P, Weigend, A, Weinstein, AJ, Weir, AJ, Wicklund, E, Woods, M, Wu, DY, Yurko, M, Zaccardelli, C & Von Zanthier, C 1990, 'Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV', Physical Review D, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 3542-3545. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.41.3542
Burchat PR, King M, Abrams GS, Adolphsen CE, Averill D, Ballam J et al. Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV. Physical Review D. 1990 Jan 1;41(11):3542-3545. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.41.3542
Burchat, P. R. ; King, M. ; Abrams, G. S. ; Adolphsen, C. E. ; Averill, D. ; Ballam, J. ; Barish, B. C. ; Barklow, T. ; Barnett, B. A. ; Bartelt, J. ; Bethke, S. ; Blockus, D. ; Bonvicini, G. ; Boyarski, A. ; Brabson, B. ; Breakstone, A. ; Bulos, F. ; Burke, D. L. ; Cence, R. J. ; Chapman, J. ; Chmeissani, M. ; Cords, D. ; Coupal, D. P. ; Dauncey, P. ; Destaebler, H. C. ; Dorfan, D. E. ; Dorfan, J. M. ; Drewer, D. C. ; Elia, R. ; Feldman, G. J. ; Fernandes, D. ; Field, R. C. ; Ford, W. T. ; Fordham, C. ; Frey, R. ; Fujino, D. ; Gan, K. K. ; Gatto, C. ; Gero, E. ; Gidal, G. ; Glanzman, T. ; Goldhaber, G. ; Cadenas, J. J.Gomez ; Gratta, G. ; Grindhammer, G. ; Grosse-Wiesmann, P. ; Hanson, G. ; Harr, R. ; Harral, B. ; Harris, F. A. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hayes, K. ; Hearty, C. ; Heusch, C. A. ; Hildreth, M. D. ; Himel, T. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Hong, S. J. ; Hutchinson, D. ; Hylen, J. ; Innes, W. R. ; Jacobsen, R. G. ; Jaros, J. A. ; Jung, C. K. ; Kadyk, J. A. ; Kent, J. ; Klein, S. R. ; Koetke, D. S. ; Komamiya, Sachio ; Koska, W. ; Kowalski, L. A. ; Kozanecki, W. ; Kral, J. F. ; Kuhlen, M. ; Labarga, L. ; Lankford, A. J. ; Larsen, R. R. ; Le Diberder, F. ; Levi, M. E. ; Litke, A. M. ; Lou, X. C. ; L̈th, V. ; McKenna, J. A. ; Matthews, J. A.J. ; Mattison, T. ; Milliken, B. D. ; Moffeit, K. C. ; Munger, C. T. ; Murray, W. N. ; Nash, J. ; Ogren, H. ; O'Shaughnessy, K. F. ; Parker, S. I. ; Peck, C. ; Perl, M. L. ; Perrier, F. ; Petradza, M. ; Pitthan, R. ; Porter, F. C. ; Rankin, P. ; Riles, K. ; Rouse, F. R. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sadrozinski, H. F.W. ; Schaad, M. W. ; Schumm, B. A. ; Seiden, A. ; Smith, J. G. ; Snyder, A. ; Soderstrom, E. ; Stoker, D. P. ; Stroynowski, R. ; Swartz, M. ; Thun, R. ; Trilling, G. H. ; Van Kooten, R. ; Voruganti, P. ; Wagner, S. R. ; Watson, S. ; Weber, P. ; Weigend, A. ; Weinstein, A. J. ; Weir, A. J. ; Wicklund, E. ; Woods, M. ; Wu, D. Y. ; Yurko, M. ; Zaccardelli, C. ; Von Zanthier, C. / Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV. In: Physical Review D. 1990 ; Vol. 41, No. 11. pp. 3542-3545.
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abstract = "Using the sample of neutral vector bosons (Z's) produced at the SLAC Linear Collider and detected with the Mark II detector, we search for the decay of the Z to a pair of particles, one of which decays to two charged particles. The observed number of Z decays with this signature excludes, at a confidence level greater than 95{\%}, the decay of the Z to a pair of fourth-generation Dirac neutrinos with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV, a decay length less than about 1 cm, and coupling to any of the first three generations of charged leptons. This is the first time the existence of such a lepton coupling to the ± has been excluded by a direct search.",
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T1 - Search for decays of the Z to unstable neutral leptons with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV

AU - Burchat, P. R.

AU - King, M.

AU - Abrams, G. S.

AU - Adolphsen, C. E.

AU - Averill, D.

AU - Ballam, J.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Barklow, T.

AU - Barnett, B. A.

AU - Bartelt, J.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Blockus, D.

AU - Bonvicini, G.

AU - Boyarski, A.

AU - Brabson, B.

AU - Breakstone, A.

AU - Bulos, F.

AU - Burke, D. L.

AU - Cence, R. J.

AU - Chapman, J.

AU - Chmeissani, M.

AU - Cords, D.

AU - Coupal, D. P.

AU - Dauncey, P.

AU - Destaebler, H. C.

AU - Dorfan, D. E.

AU - Dorfan, J. M.

AU - Drewer, D. C.

AU - Elia, R.

AU - Feldman, G. J.

AU - Fernandes, D.

AU - Field, R. C.

AU - Ford, W. T.

AU - Fordham, C.

AU - Frey, R.

AU - Fujino, D.

AU - Gan, K. K.

AU - Gatto, C.

AU - Gero, E.

AU - Gidal, G.

AU - Glanzman, T.

AU - Goldhaber, G.

AU - Cadenas, J. J.Gomez

AU - Gratta, G.

AU - Grindhammer, G.

AU - Grosse-Wiesmann, P.

AU - Hanson, G.

AU - Harr, R.

AU - Harral, B.

AU - Harris, F. A.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hayes, K.

AU - Hearty, C.

AU - Heusch, C. A.

AU - Hildreth, M. D.

AU - Himel, T.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Hong, S. J.

AU - Hutchinson, D.

AU - Hylen, J.

AU - Innes, W. R.

AU - Jacobsen, R. G.

AU - Jaros, J. A.

AU - Jung, C. K.

AU - Kadyk, J. A.

AU - Kent, J.

AU - Klein, S. R.

AU - Koetke, D. S.

AU - Komamiya, Sachio

AU - Koska, W.

AU - Kowalski, L. A.

AU - Kozanecki, W.

AU - Kral, J. F.

AU - Kuhlen, M.

AU - Labarga, L.

AU - Lankford, A. J.

AU - Larsen, R. R.

AU - Le Diberder, F.

AU - Levi, M. E.

AU - Litke, A. M.

AU - Lou, X. C.

AU - L̈th, V.

AU - McKenna, J. A.

AU - Matthews, J. A.J.

AU - Mattison, T.

AU - Milliken, B. D.

AU - Moffeit, K. C.

AU - Munger, C. T.

AU - Murray, W. N.

AU - Nash, J.

AU - Ogren, H.

AU - O'Shaughnessy, K. F.

AU - Parker, S. I.

AU - Peck, C.

AU - Perl, M. L.

AU - Perrier, F.

AU - Petradza, M.

AU - Pitthan, R.

AU - Porter, F. C.

AU - Rankin, P.

AU - Riles, K.

AU - Rouse, F. R.

AU - Rust, D. R.

AU - Sadrozinski, H. F.W.

AU - Schaad, M. W.

AU - Schumm, B. A.

AU - Seiden, A.

AU - Smith, J. G.

AU - Snyder, A.

AU - Soderstrom, E.

AU - Stoker, D. P.

AU - Stroynowski, R.

AU - Swartz, M.

AU - Thun, R.

AU - Trilling, G. H.

AU - Van Kooten, R.

AU - Voruganti, P.

AU - Wagner, S. R.

AU - Watson, S.

AU - Weber, P.

AU - Weigend, A.

AU - Weinstein, A. J.

AU - Weir, A. J.

AU - Wicklund, E.

AU - Woods, M.

AU - Wu, D. Y.

AU - Yurko, M.

AU - Zaccardelli, C.

AU - Von Zanthier, C.

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N2 - Using the sample of neutral vector bosons (Z's) produced at the SLAC Linear Collider and detected with the Mark II detector, we search for the decay of the Z to a pair of particles, one of which decays to two charged particles. The observed number of Z decays with this signature excludes, at a confidence level greater than 95%, the decay of the Z to a pair of fourth-generation Dirac neutrinos with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV, a decay length less than about 1 cm, and coupling to any of the first three generations of charged leptons. This is the first time the existence of such a lepton coupling to the ± has been excluded by a direct search.

AB - Using the sample of neutral vector bosons (Z's) produced at the SLAC Linear Collider and detected with the Mark II detector, we search for the decay of the Z to a pair of particles, one of which decays to two charged particles. The observed number of Z decays with this signature excludes, at a confidence level greater than 95%, the decay of the Z to a pair of fourth-generation Dirac neutrinos with mass between 2.5 and 22 GeV, a decay length less than about 1 cm, and coupling to any of the first three generations of charged leptons. This is the first time the existence of such a lepton coupling to the ± has been excluded by a direct search.

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