Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET

O. Adriani, Y. Akaike, K. Asano, Yoichi Asaoka, M. G. Bagliesi, E. Berti, G. Bigongiari, W. R. Binns, S. Bonechi, M. Bongi, P. Brogi, J. H. Buckley, N. Cannady, G. Castellini, C. Checchia, M. L. Cherry, G. Collazuol, V. Di Felice, K. Ebisawa, H. Fuke & 71 others T. G. Guzik, T. Hams, M. Hareyama, Nobuyuki Hasebe, K. Hibino, M. Ichimura, K. Ioka, W. Ishizaki, M. H. Israel, K. Kasahara, Jun Kataoka, R. Kataoka, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, N. Kawanaka, Y. Kawakubo, H. S. Krawczynski, J. F. Krizmanic, K. Kohri, T. Lomtadze, P. Maestro, P. S. Marrocchesi, A. M. Messineo, J. W. Mitchell, S. Miyake, A. A. Moiseev, K. Mori, M. Mori, N. Mori, Holger Martin Motz, K. Munakata, H. Murakami, S. Nakahira, J. Nishimura, G. A. De Nolfo, S. Okuno, J. F. Ormes, Shunsuke Ozawa, L. Pacini, F. Palma, P. Papini, A. V. Penacchioni, B. F. Rauch, S. B. Ricciarini, K. Sakai, T. Sakamoto, M. Sasaki, Y. Shimizu, A. Shiomi, R. Sparvoli, P. Spillantini, F. Stolzi, J. E. Suh, A. Sulaj, I. Takahashi, M. Takayanagi, M. Takita, T. Tamura, N. Tateyama, T. Terasawa, H. Tomida, Shoji Torii, Y. Tsunesada, Y. Uchihori, S. Ueno, E. Vannuccini, J. P. Wefel, K. Yamaoka, S. Yanagita, A. Yoshida, K. Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of searches for gamma-ray counterparts of the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave events using CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) observations. The main instrument of CALET, CALorimeter (CAL), observes gamma-rays from ∼1 GeV up to 10 TeV with a field of view (FOV) of nearly 2 sr. In addition, the CALET gamma-ray burst monitor views ∼3 sr and ∼2π sr of the sky in the 7 keV-1 MeV and the 40 keV-20 MeV bands, respectively, by using two different crystal scintillators. The CALET observations on the International Space Station started in 2015 October, and here we report analyses of events associated with the following gravitational wave events: GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. Although only upper limits on gamma-ray emission are obtained, they correspond to a luminosity of 1049 ∼ 1053 erg s-1 in the GeV energy band depending on the distance and the assumed time duration of each event, which is approximately on the order of luminosity of typical short gamma-ray bursts. This implies that there will be a favorable opportunity to detect high-energy gamma-ray emission in further observations if additional gravitational wave events with favorable geometry will occur within our FOV. We also show the sensitivity of CALET for gamma-ray transient events, which is on the order of 10-7 erg cm-2 s-1 for an observation of 100 s in duration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume863
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 20

Fingerprint

particle telescopes
gravitational waves
gamma rays
electron
field of view
erg
gamma ray bursts
luminosity
LIGO (observatory)
International Space Station
energy
scintillation counters
calorimeters
energy bands
sky
monitors
crystal
geometry
sensitivity
crystals

Keywords

  • gamma rays: general
  • gravitational waves
  • methods: observational

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Adriani, O., Akaike, Y., Asano, K., Asaoka, Y., Bagliesi, M. G., Berti, E., ... Yoshida, K. (2018). Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET. Astrophysical Journal, 863(2), [160]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aad18f

Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET. / Adriani, O.; Akaike, Y.; Asano, K.; Asaoka, Yoichi; Bagliesi, M. G.; Berti, E.; Bigongiari, G.; Binns, W. R.; Bonechi, S.; Bongi, M.; Brogi, P.; Buckley, J. H.; Cannady, N.; Castellini, G.; Checchia, C.; Cherry, M. L.; Collazuol, G.; Felice, V. Di; Ebisawa, K.; Fuke, H.; Guzik, T. G.; Hams, T.; Hareyama, M.; Hasebe, Nobuyuki; Hibino, K.; Ichimura, M.; Ioka, K.; Ishizaki, W.; Israel, M. H.; Kasahara, K.; Kataoka, Jun; Kataoka, R.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawanaka, N.; Kawakubo, Y.; Krawczynski, H. S.; Krizmanic, J. F.; Kohri, K.; Lomtadze, T.; Maestro, P.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A. M.; Mitchell, J. W.; Miyake, S.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mori, K.; Mori, M.; Mori, N.; Motz, Holger Martin; Munakata, K.; Murakami, H.; Nakahira, S.; Nishimura, J.; De Nolfo, G. A.; Okuno, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Pacini, L.; Palma, F.; Papini, P.; Penacchioni, A. V.; Rauch, B. F.; Ricciarini, S. B.; Sakai, K.; Sakamoto, T.; Sasaki, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Shiomi, A.; Sparvoli, R.; Spillantini, P.; Stolzi, F.; Suh, J. E.; Sulaj, A.; Takahashi, I.; Takayanagi, M.; Takita, M.; Tamura, T.; Tateyama, N.; Terasawa, T.; Tomida, H.; Torii, Shoji; Tsunesada, Y.; Uchihori, Y.; Ueno, S.; Vannuccini, E.; Wefel, J. P.; Yamaoka, K.; Yanagita, S.; Yoshida, A.; Yoshida, K.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 863, No. 2, 160, 20.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adriani, O, Akaike, Y, Asano, K, Asaoka, Y, Bagliesi, MG, Berti, E, Bigongiari, G, Binns, WR, Bonechi, S, Bongi, M, Brogi, P, Buckley, JH, Cannady, N, Castellini, G, Checchia, C, Cherry, ML, Collazuol, G, Felice, VD, Ebisawa, K, Fuke, H, Guzik, TG, Hams, T, Hareyama, M, Hasebe, N, Hibino, K, Ichimura, M, Ioka, K, Ishizaki, W, Israel, MH, Kasahara, K, Kataoka, J, Kataoka, R, Katayose, Y, Kato, C, Kawanaka, N, Kawakubo, Y, Krawczynski, HS, Krizmanic, JF, Kohri, K, Lomtadze, T, Maestro, P, Marrocchesi, PS, Messineo, AM, Mitchell, JW, Miyake, S, Moiseev, AA, Mori, K, Mori, M, Mori, N, Motz, HM, Munakata, K, Murakami, H, Nakahira, S, Nishimura, J, De Nolfo, GA, Okuno, S, Ormes, JF, Ozawa, S, Pacini, L, Palma, F, Papini, P, Penacchioni, AV, Rauch, BF, Ricciarini, SB, Sakai, K, Sakamoto, T, Sasaki, M, Shimizu, Y, Shiomi, A, Sparvoli, R, Spillantini, P, Stolzi, F, Suh, JE, Sulaj, A, Takahashi, I, Takayanagi, M, Takita, M, Tamura, T, Tateyama, N, Terasawa, T, Tomida, H, Torii, S, Tsunesada, Y, Uchihori, Y, Ueno, S, Vannuccini, E, Wefel, JP, Yamaoka, K, Yanagita, S, Yoshida, A & Yoshida, K 2018, 'Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET' Astrophysical Journal, vol. 863, no. 2, 160. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aad18f
Adriani, O. ; Akaike, Y. ; Asano, K. ; Asaoka, Yoichi ; Bagliesi, M. G. ; Berti, E. ; Bigongiari, G. ; Binns, W. R. ; Bonechi, S. ; Bongi, M. ; Brogi, P. ; Buckley, J. H. ; Cannady, N. ; Castellini, G. ; Checchia, C. ; Cherry, M. L. ; Collazuol, G. ; Felice, V. Di ; Ebisawa, K. ; Fuke, H. ; Guzik, T. G. ; Hams, T. ; Hareyama, M. ; Hasebe, Nobuyuki ; Hibino, K. ; Ichimura, M. ; Ioka, K. ; Ishizaki, W. ; Israel, M. H. ; Kasahara, K. ; Kataoka, Jun ; Kataoka, R. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kato, C. ; Kawanaka, N. ; Kawakubo, Y. ; Krawczynski, H. S. ; Krizmanic, J. F. ; Kohri, K. ; Lomtadze, T. ; Maestro, P. ; Marrocchesi, P. S. ; Messineo, A. M. ; Mitchell, J. W. ; Miyake, S. ; Moiseev, A. A. ; Mori, K. ; Mori, M. ; Mori, N. ; Motz, Holger Martin ; Munakata, K. ; Murakami, H. ; Nakahira, S. ; Nishimura, J. ; De Nolfo, G. A. ; Okuno, S. ; Ormes, J. F. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Pacini, L. ; Palma, F. ; Papini, P. ; Penacchioni, A. V. ; Rauch, B. F. ; Ricciarini, S. B. ; Sakai, K. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Sasaki, M. ; Shimizu, Y. ; Shiomi, A. ; Sparvoli, R. ; Spillantini, P. ; Stolzi, F. ; Suh, J. E. ; Sulaj, A. ; Takahashi, I. ; Takayanagi, M. ; Takita, M. ; Tamura, T. ; Tateyama, N. ; Terasawa, T. ; Tomida, H. ; Torii, Shoji ; Tsunesada, Y. ; Uchihori, Y. ; Ueno, S. ; Vannuccini, E. ; Wefel, J. P. ; Yamaoka, K. ; Yanagita, S. ; Yoshida, A. ; Yoshida, K. / Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 863, No. 2.
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abstract = "We present the results of searches for gamma-ray counterparts of the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave events using CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) observations. The main instrument of CALET, CALorimeter (CAL), observes gamma-rays from ∼1 GeV up to 10 TeV with a field of view (FOV) of nearly 2 sr. In addition, the CALET gamma-ray burst monitor views ∼3 sr and ∼2π sr of the sky in the 7 keV-1 MeV and the 40 keV-20 MeV bands, respectively, by using two different crystal scintillators. The CALET observations on the International Space Station started in 2015 October, and here we report analyses of events associated with the following gravitational wave events: GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. Although only upper limits on gamma-ray emission are obtained, they correspond to a luminosity of 1049 ∼ 1053 erg s-1 in the GeV energy band depending on the distance and the assumed time duration of each event, which is approximately on the order of luminosity of typical short gamma-ray bursts. This implies that there will be a favorable opportunity to detect high-energy gamma-ray emission in further observations if additional gravitational wave events with favorable geometry will occur within our FOV. We also show the sensitivity of CALET for gamma-ray transient events, which is on the order of 10-7 erg cm-2 s-1 for an observation of 100 s in duration.",
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T1 - Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET

AU - Adriani, O.

AU - Akaike, Y.

AU - Asano, K.

AU - Asaoka, Yoichi

AU - Bagliesi, M. G.

AU - Berti, E.

AU - Bigongiari, G.

AU - Binns, W. R.

AU - Bonechi, S.

AU - Bongi, M.

AU - Brogi, P.

AU - Buckley, J. H.

AU - Cannady, N.

AU - Castellini, G.

AU - Checchia, C.

AU - Cherry, M. L.

AU - Collazuol, G.

AU - Felice, V. Di

AU - Ebisawa, K.

AU - Fuke, H.

AU - Guzik, T. G.

AU - Hams, T.

AU - Hareyama, M.

AU - Hasebe, Nobuyuki

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Ichimura, M.

AU - Ioka, K.

AU - Ishizaki, W.

AU - Israel, M. H.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Kataoka, Jun

AU - Kataoka, R.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawanaka, N.

AU - Kawakubo, Y.

AU - Krawczynski, H. S.

AU - Krizmanic, J. F.

AU - Kohri, K.

AU - Lomtadze, T.

AU - Maestro, P.

AU - Marrocchesi, P. S.

AU - Messineo, A. M.

AU - Mitchell, J. W.

AU - Miyake, S.

AU - Moiseev, A. A.

AU - Mori, K.

AU - Mori, M.

AU - Mori, N.

AU - Motz, Holger Martin

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Murakami, H.

AU - Nakahira, S.

AU - Nishimura, J.

AU - De Nolfo, G. A.

AU - Okuno, S.

AU - Ormes, J. F.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Pacini, L.

AU - Palma, F.

AU - Papini, P.

AU - Penacchioni, A. V.

AU - Rauch, B. F.

AU - Ricciarini, S. B.

AU - Sakai, K.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Shimizu, Y.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Sparvoli, R.

AU - Spillantini, P.

AU - Stolzi, F.

AU - Suh, J. E.

AU - Sulaj, A.

AU - Takahashi, I.

AU - Takayanagi, M.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tamura, T.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Terasawa, T.

AU - Tomida, H.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Tsunesada, Y.

AU - Uchihori, Y.

AU - Ueno, S.

AU - Vannuccini, E.

AU - Wefel, J. P.

AU - Yamaoka, K.

AU - Yanagita, S.

AU - Yoshida, A.

AU - Yoshida, K.

PY - 2018/8/20

Y1 - 2018/8/20

N2 - We present the results of searches for gamma-ray counterparts of the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave events using CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) observations. The main instrument of CALET, CALorimeter (CAL), observes gamma-rays from ∼1 GeV up to 10 TeV with a field of view (FOV) of nearly 2 sr. In addition, the CALET gamma-ray burst monitor views ∼3 sr and ∼2π sr of the sky in the 7 keV-1 MeV and the 40 keV-20 MeV bands, respectively, by using two different crystal scintillators. The CALET observations on the International Space Station started in 2015 October, and here we report analyses of events associated with the following gravitational wave events: GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. Although only upper limits on gamma-ray emission are obtained, they correspond to a luminosity of 1049 ∼ 1053 erg s-1 in the GeV energy band depending on the distance and the assumed time duration of each event, which is approximately on the order of luminosity of typical short gamma-ray bursts. This implies that there will be a favorable opportunity to detect high-energy gamma-ray emission in further observations if additional gravitational wave events with favorable geometry will occur within our FOV. We also show the sensitivity of CALET for gamma-ray transient events, which is on the order of 10-7 erg cm-2 s-1 for an observation of 100 s in duration.

AB - We present the results of searches for gamma-ray counterparts of the LIGO/Virgo gravitational wave events using CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) observations. The main instrument of CALET, CALorimeter (CAL), observes gamma-rays from ∼1 GeV up to 10 TeV with a field of view (FOV) of nearly 2 sr. In addition, the CALET gamma-ray burst monitor views ∼3 sr and ∼2π sr of the sky in the 7 keV-1 MeV and the 40 keV-20 MeV bands, respectively, by using two different crystal scintillators. The CALET observations on the International Space Station started in 2015 October, and here we report analyses of events associated with the following gravitational wave events: GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. Although only upper limits on gamma-ray emission are obtained, they correspond to a luminosity of 1049 ∼ 1053 erg s-1 in the GeV energy band depending on the distance and the assumed time duration of each event, which is approximately on the order of luminosity of typical short gamma-ray bursts. This implies that there will be a favorable opportunity to detect high-energy gamma-ray emission in further observations if additional gravitational wave events with favorable geometry will occur within our FOV. We also show the sensitivity of CALET for gamma-ray transient events, which is on the order of 10-7 erg cm-2 s-1 for an observation of 100 s in duration.

KW - gamma rays: general

KW - gravitational waves

KW - methods: observational

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