Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array

M. Amenomori, Z. Cao, L. K. Ding, Z. Y. Feng, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Q. Huang, A. X. Huo, H. Y. Jia, G. Z. Jiang, S. Q. Jiao, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Labaciren, D. M. Mei, L. Meng, X. R. Meng, Mimaciren, K. Mizutani, J. MuH. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, Nusang, A. Oguro, M. Ohnisni, I. Ohta, J. R. Ren, To Saito, M. Sakata, Z. Z. Shi, M. Shibata, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, X. X. Sun, A. Tai, K. Taira, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Wang, C. Z. Wen, Y. Yamamoto, X. Y. Yao, G. C. Yu, P. Yuan, T. Yuda, J. G. Zeng, C. S. Zhang, H. M. Zhang, L. Zhang, Zhasang, Zhaxiciren, W. D. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Tibet air shower array at an altitude of 4300 m (above sea level) has been in operation since January 1990. We have searched for continual emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 during the period from June 1990 through January 1992. No dc excess is found from these three sources. Flux upper limits above 10 TeV are obtained to be 1.2×10-12 cm-2s-1 for the Crab Nebula, 1.1×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Cygnus X-3, and 0.58×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Hercules X-1 at the 95% C.L. This is the first observation, with an air shower array, for these sources in the 10-TeV energy region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2468-2471
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume69
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Oct 26
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Crab nebula
Tibet
cosmic ray showers
gamma rays
sea level
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Cao, Z., Ding, L. K., Feng, Z. Y., Hibino, K., Hotta, N., ... Zhou, W. D. (1992). Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array. Physical Review Letters, 69(17), 2468-2471.

Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array. / Amenomori, M.; Cao, Z.; Ding, L. K.; Feng, Z. Y.; Hibino, K.; Hotta, N.; Huang, Q.; Huo, A. X.; Jia, H. Y.; Jiang, G. Z.; Jiao, S. Q.; Kajino, F.; Kasahara, K.; Labaciren; Mei, D. M.; Meng, L.; Meng, X. R.; Mimaciren; Mizutani, K.; Mu, J.; Nanjo, H.; Nishizawa, M.; Nusang; Oguro, A.; Ohnisni, M.; Ohta, I.; Ren, J. R.; Saito, To; Sakata, M.; Shi, Z. Z.; Shibata, M.; Shirai, T.; Sugimoto, H.; Sun, X. X.; Tai, A.; Taira, K.; Tan, Y. H.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Wang, H.; Wen, C. Z.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yao, X. Y.; Yu, G. C.; Yuan, P.; Yuda, T.; Zeng, J. G.; Zhang, C. S.; Zhang, H. M.; Zhang, L.; Zhasang; Zhaxiciren; Zhou, W. D.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 69, No. 17, 26.10.1992, p. 2468-2471.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amenomori, M, Cao, Z, Ding, LK, Feng, ZY, Hibino, K, Hotta, N, Huang, Q, Huo, AX, Jia, HY, Jiang, GZ, Jiao, SQ, Kajino, F, Kasahara, K, Labaciren, Mei, DM, Meng, L, Meng, XR, Mimaciren, Mizutani, K, Mu, J, Nanjo, H, Nishizawa, M, Nusang, Oguro, A, Ohnisni, M, Ohta, I, Ren, JR, Saito, T, Sakata, M, Shi, ZZ, Shibata, M, Shirai, T, Sugimoto, H, Sun, XX, Tai, A, Taira, K, Tan, YH, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Wang, H, Wen, CZ, Yamamoto, Y, Yao, XY, Yu, GC, Yuan, P, Yuda, T, Zeng, JG, Zhang, CS, Zhang, HM, Zhang, L, Zhasang, Zhaxiciren & Zhou, WD 1992, 'Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array', Physical Review Letters, vol. 69, no. 17, pp. 2468-2471.
Amenomori, M. ; Cao, Z. ; Ding, L. K. ; Feng, Z. Y. ; Hibino, K. ; Hotta, N. ; Huang, Q. ; Huo, A. X. ; Jia, H. Y. ; Jiang, G. Z. ; Jiao, S. Q. ; Kajino, F. ; Kasahara, K. ; Labaciren ; Mei, D. M. ; Meng, L. ; Meng, X. R. ; Mimaciren ; Mizutani, K. ; Mu, J. ; Nanjo, H. ; Nishizawa, M. ; Nusang ; Oguro, A. ; Ohnisni, M. ; Ohta, I. ; Ren, J. R. ; Saito, To ; Sakata, M. ; Shi, Z. Z. ; Shibata, M. ; Shirai, T. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Sun, X. X. ; Tai, A. ; Taira, K. ; Tan, Y. H. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Wang, H. ; Wen, C. Z. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yao, X. Y. ; Yu, G. C. ; Yuan, P. ; Yuda, T. ; Zeng, J. G. ; Zhang, C. S. ; Zhang, H. M. ; Zhang, L. ; Zhasang ; Zhaxiciren ; Zhou, W. D. / Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array. In: Physical Review Letters. 1992 ; Vol. 69, No. 17. pp. 2468-2471.
@article{324017a5a0d940fe94b3cf0480bad06a,
title = "Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array",
abstract = "The Tibet air shower array at an altitude of 4300 m (above sea level) has been in operation since January 1990. We have searched for continual emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 during the period from June 1990 through January 1992. No dc excess is found from these three sources. Flux upper limits above 10 TeV are obtained to be 1.2×10-12 cm-2s-1 for the Crab Nebula, 1.1×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Cygnus X-3, and 0.58×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Hercules X-1 at the 95{\%} C.L. This is the first observation, with an air shower array, for these sources in the 10-TeV energy region.",
author = "M. Amenomori and Z. Cao and Ding, {L. K.} and Feng, {Z. Y.} and K. Hibino and N. Hotta and Q. Huang and Huo, {A. X.} and Jia, {H. Y.} and Jiang, {G. Z.} and Jiao, {S. Q.} and F. Kajino and K. Kasahara and Labaciren and Mei, {D. M.} and L. Meng and Meng, {X. R.} and Mimaciren and K. Mizutani and J. Mu and H. Nanjo and M. Nishizawa and Nusang and A. Oguro and M. Ohnisni and I. Ohta and Ren, {J. R.} and To Saito and M. Sakata and Shi, {Z. Z.} and M. Shibata and T. Shirai and H. Sugimoto and Sun, {X. X.} and A. Tai and K. Taira and Tan, {Y. H.} and N. Tateyama and Shoji Torii and H. Wang and Wen, {C. Z.} and Y. Yamamoto and Yao, {X. Y.} and Yu, {G. C.} and P. Yuan and T. Yuda and Zeng, {J. G.} and Zhang, {C. S.} and Zhang, {H. M.} and L. Zhang and Zhasang and Zhaxiciren and Zhou, {W. D.}",
year = "1992",
month = "10",
day = "26",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "2468--2471",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "17",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for steady emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 using the tibet air shower array

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Cao, Z.

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Huang, Q.

AU - Huo, A. X.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Jiang, G. Z.

AU - Jiao, S. Q.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Mei, D. M.

AU - Meng, L.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Mimaciren,

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Mu, J.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Nusang,

AU - Oguro, A.

AU - Ohnisni, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Ren, J. R.

AU - Saito, To

AU - Sakata, M.

AU - Shi, Z. Z.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Sun, X. X.

AU - Tai, A.

AU - Taira, K.

AU - Tan, Y. H.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wen, C. Z.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yao, X. Y.

AU - Yu, G. C.

AU - Yuan, P.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Zeng, J. G.

AU - Zhang, C. S.

AU - Zhang, H. M.

AU - Zhang, L.

AU - Zhasang,

AU - Zhaxiciren,

AU - Zhou, W. D.

PY - 1992/10/26

Y1 - 1992/10/26

N2 - The Tibet air shower array at an altitude of 4300 m (above sea level) has been in operation since January 1990. We have searched for continual emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 during the period from June 1990 through January 1992. No dc excess is found from these three sources. Flux upper limits above 10 TeV are obtained to be 1.2×10-12 cm-2s-1 for the Crab Nebula, 1.1×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Cygnus X-3, and 0.58×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Hercules X-1 at the 95% C.L. This is the first observation, with an air shower array, for these sources in the 10-TeV energy region.

AB - The Tibet air shower array at an altitude of 4300 m (above sea level) has been in operation since January 1990. We have searched for continual emission of 10-TeV gamma rays from the Crab Nebula, Cygnus X-3, and Hercules X-1 during the period from June 1990 through January 1992. No dc excess is found from these three sources. Flux upper limits above 10 TeV are obtained to be 1.2×10-12 cm-2s-1 for the Crab Nebula, 1.1×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Cygnus X-3, and 0.58×10-12 cm-2s-1 for Hercules X-1 at the 95% C.L. This is the first observation, with an air shower array, for these sources in the 10-TeV energy region.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=4243812788&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=4243812788&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:4243812788

VL - 69

SP - 2468

EP - 2471

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 17

ER -