Search for unstable neutral and charged heavy leptons in e+e- collisions at √s = 161 GeV

K. Ackerstaff, G. Alexander, J. Allison, N. Altekamp, K. Ametewee, K. J. Anderson, S. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. Bartoldus, J. R. Batley, J. Bechtluft, C. Beeston, T. Behnke, A. N. BellK. W. Bell, G. Bella, S. Bentvelsen, P. Berlich, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, V. Blobel, I. J. Bloodworth, J. E. Bloomer, M. Bobinski, P. Bock, H. M. Bosch, M. Boutemeur, B. T. Bouwens, S. Braibant, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, C. Burgard, R. Bürgin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, D. Chrisman, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, J. E. Conboy, O. C. Cooke, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, C. Dallapiccola, G. M. Dallavalle, S. de Jong, L. A. del Pozo, K. Desch, M. S. Dixit, E. do Couto e Silva, M. Doucet, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, J. E.G. Edwards, P. G. Estabrooks, H. G. Evans, M. Evans, F. Fabbri, P. Fath, F. Fiedler, M. Fierro, H. M. Fischer, R. Folman, D. G. Fong, M. Foucher, A. Fürtjes, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, S. M. Gascon-Shotkin, N. I. Geddes, C. Geich-Gimbel, T. Geralis, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, R. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, D. M. Gingrich, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, C. Grandi, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, M. Hansroul, M. Hapke, C. K. Hargrove, PA Hart, C. Hartmann, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, M. Herndon, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, M. D. Hildreth, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, T. Hilse, P. R. Hobson, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, R. Howard, R. E. Hughes-Jones, D. E. Hutchcroft, P. Igo-Kemenes, D. C. Imrie, M. R. Ingram, K. Ishii, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, A. Joly, C. R. Jones, G. Jones, M. Jones, R. W.L. Jones, U. Jost, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, D. Karlen, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, B. J. King, J. Kirk, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, D. S. Koetke, T. P. Kokott, M. Kolrep, Sachio Komamiya, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, R. Lahmann, W. P. Lai, D. Lanske, J. Lauber, S. R. Lautenschlager, J. G. Layter, D. Lazic, A. M. Lee, E. Lefebvre, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, C. Lewis, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, C. Markus, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, W. Matthews, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, E. A. Mckigney, T. J. McMahon, A. I. McNab, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, S. Menke, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, J. Meyer, A. Michelini, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, R. Mir, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. Morii, U. Müller, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, B. Nellen, B. Nijjhar, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, H. O. Ogren, N. J. Oldershaw, T. Omori, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. Pálinkás, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. Patf, M. J. Pearce, S. Petzold, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, P. Poffenberger, B. Poli, A. Posthaus, H. Przysiezniak, D. L. Rees, D. Rigby, S. Robertson, S. A. Robins, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, A. Rooke, E. Ros, A. M. Rossi, M. Rosvick, P. Routenburg, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, U. Ruppel, D. R. Rust, R. Rylko, K. Sachs, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, M. Sasaki, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, F. Scharf, P. Scharff-Hansen, P. Schenk, B. Schmitt, S. Schmitt, M. Schroder, H. C. Schultz-Coulon, M. Schulz, M. Schumacher, P. Schütz, W. G. Scott, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Sittler, A. Skillman, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, TJ Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, M. Steiert, K. Stephens, J. Steuerer, B. Stockhausen, D. Strom, F. Strumia, P. Szymanski, R. Tafirout, S. D. Talbot, S. Tanaka, P. Taras, S. Tarem, M. Thiergen, M. A. Thomson, E. von Törne, S. Towers, I. Trigger, T. Tsukamoto, E. Tsur, A. S. Turcot, M. F. Turner-Watson, P. Utzat, R. van Kooten, M. Verzocchi, P. Vikas, M. Vincter, E. H. Vokurka, F. Wäckerle, A. Wagner, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, J. J. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, J. S. White, B. Wilkens, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, G. Yekutieli, V. Zacek

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Abstract

Searches for unstable neutral and charged heavy leptons (L0, L±) have been performed using a data sample of 10.0 pb-1 at a centre-of-mass energy of √s = 161.3 GeV collected with the OPAL detector at LEP during July and August 1996. Two candidate events were observed after the selection, which is consistent with the expected total background of 1.57 events, and lower limits have been derived on heavy lepton masses for various models. If an unstable Dirac neutral heavy lepton, L0, decays only into eW*, μW* or τW*, the lower limits on its mass at the 95% C.L. are 69.3 GeV, 72.0 GeV and 66.0 GeV, respectively. The limits are modified for a Majorana L0 to 59.5 GeV, 60.5 GeV and 55.7 GeV, respectively. If an unstable heavy charged lepton, L±, decays into a stable heavy neutrino, and if mL± - mvL > 13 GeV, a lower limit on its mass of 73.5 GeV is obtained. If the L± decays through lepton flavour mixing into a massless neutrino vℓ and W*±, the lower limit on mL± was determined to be 76.7 GeV at 95% C.L.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-230
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume393
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Feb 6
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Ackerstaff, K., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Altekamp, N., Ametewee, K., Anderson, K. J., Anderson, S., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Ball, A. H., Barberio, E., Barlow, R. J., Bartoldus, R., Batley, J. R., Bechtluft, J., Beeston, C., Behnke, T., ... Zacek, V. (1997). Search for unstable neutral and charged heavy leptons in e+e- collisions at √s = 161 GeV. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 393(1-2), 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(96)01633-4