Seasonal cycles of ozone and oxidized nitrogen species in northeast Asia 1. Impact of regional climatology and photochemistry observed during RISOTTO 1999-2000

Hiroshi Tanimoto, Hiroshi Furutani, Shungo Kato, Jun Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Makide, Hajime Akimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measurements of oxidized nitrogen species, including peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitric acid (HNO3), and nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), were made along with ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) at Rishiri Island, a remote island in northern Japan, as part of the Rishiri Island Study of Oxidants and Transport for Tropospheric Ozone (RISOTTO). Full seasonal observations of O3, CO, NMHCs, and PAN, together with data sets of NOx, and HNO3 for 6 months reveal short-term and seasonal characteristics of chemistry of the air masses in northeast Asia. Temporal variations of O3, PAN, and HNO 3 typically show day-to-day variations in winter and diurnal variations in summer, dominated by long-range transport and local photochemistry, respectively. Seasonal variations of O3 and PAN show a spring maximum and a summer minimum, which are consistent with previous field observations made in Europe and North America. Air mass segregation based on back trajectory calculation suggests that PAN, which is photochemically produced in continental source regions, is most effectively transported to remote sites in spring owing to low temperatures in this season, while HNO3 is not effectively transported due to its high deposition velocity. It is concluded that transport of polluted air masses from continental source regions considerably enhances the April maximum in O3 and PAN observed at remote sites in northeast Asia. Back trajectory analysis also indicates that the seasonal cycles of PAN in the Eurasian continental background air masses are maximum in spring, minimum in summer, and show a secondary maximum in fall in contrast to NOx and HNO3 which have a summer maximum and a winter minimum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4747
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume107
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

peroxyacetyl nitrate
Climatology
climatology
Photochemical reactions
Ozone
photochemistry
Oxidants
oxidant
photochemical reactions
ozone
nitrates
Nitrogen
air masses
nitrogen
cycles
Nitrogen Oxides
air mass
nitrogen oxides
summer
nonmethane hydrocarbon

Keywords

  • Nitric acid
  • Ozone
  • Peroxyacetyl nitrate
  • Photochemistry
  • Regional pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Seasonal cycles of ozone and oxidized nitrogen species in northeast Asia 1. Impact of regional climatology and photochemistry observed during RISOTTO 1999-2000. / Tanimoto, Hiroshi; Furutani, Hiroshi; Kato, Shungo; Matsumoto, Jun; Makide, Yoshihiro; Akimoto, Hajime.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 107, No. 24, 4747, 2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Measurements of oxidized nitrogen species, including peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), nitrogen oxides (NOx), nitric acid (HNO3), and nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs), were made along with ozone (O3) and carbon monoxide (CO) at Rishiri Island, a remote island in northern Japan, as part of the Rishiri Island Study of Oxidants and Transport for Tropospheric Ozone (RISOTTO). Full seasonal observations of O3, CO, NMHCs, and PAN, together with data sets of NOx, and HNO3 for 6 months reveal short-term and seasonal characteristics of chemistry of the air masses in northeast Asia. Temporal variations of O3, PAN, and HNO 3 typically show day-to-day variations in winter and diurnal variations in summer, dominated by long-range transport and local photochemistry, respectively. Seasonal variations of O3 and PAN show a spring maximum and a summer minimum, which are consistent with previous field observations made in Europe and North America. Air mass segregation based on back trajectory calculation suggests that PAN, which is photochemically produced in continental source regions, is most effectively transported to remote sites in spring owing to low temperatures in this season, while HNO3 is not effectively transported due to its high deposition velocity. It is concluded that transport of polluted air masses from continental source regions considerably enhances the April maximum in O3 and PAN observed at remote sites in northeast Asia. Back trajectory analysis also indicates that the seasonal cycles of PAN in the Eurasian continental background air masses are maximum in spring, minimum in summer, and show a secondary maximum in fall in contrast to NOx and HNO3 which have a summer maximum and a winter minimum.

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