Seasonal temperature fluctuations in the high northern latitudes during the Cretaceous Period

Isotopic evidence from Albian and Coniacian shallow-water invertebrates of the Talovka River Basin, Koryak Upland, Russian Far East

Yuri D. Zakharov, Olga P. Smyshlyaeva, Kazushige Tanabe, Yasunari Shigeta, Haruyoshi Maeda, Alexander V. Ignatiev, Tatiana A. Velivetskaya, Tamara B. Afanasyeva, Alexander M. Popov, Vladimir V. Golozubov, Anatoly A. Kolyada, Anna K. Cherbadzhi, Kazuyoshi Moriya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palaeotemperatures during the Albian-Coniacian in the northernmost Pacific have been determined on the basis of oxygen isotopic analysis of well-preserved brachiopod and molluscan shells from the Koryak Upland, Far East Russia. Those obtained from the calcitic brachiopod shells from the Albian range from 12.5 to 22.7 °C. The lower temperature level corresponds to winter seasons and the higher reflects summer temperatures. Probable winter isotopic palaeotemperatures, fluctuating from 10.9 to about 14.1 °C, were obtained from Coniacian bivalve shells. Presumed spring and autumn isotopic palaeotemperatures for the Coniacian, fluctuating from 14.1 to 17.7 °C, were obtained from rhynchonellid brachiopods and bivalves, all with calcitic shells, and ammonoids with aragonitic shells. Presumed summer isotopic palaeotemperatures varied between 18.5 °C to 22.4 °C. The new and previously published data suggest a short-term presence of polar ice during the Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian) only in the Southern Hemisphere on the Antarctic continent. Evidence pertaining to the Northern Hemisphere seems to suggest only occasional short-lived subfreezing conditions. These most probably occurred during polar winters in the early Valanginian, late Coniacian-early Santonian and early Maastrichtian. Temperatures in northern high latitudes during the course of even these winter seasons were probably not low enough for the formation of permanent sea ice. This may be a result of the lack of a continental massif in the North Pole area and a significant ameliorating effect of oceanic heat-transport poleward through the straits of Turgai and the Western Interior of North America.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-132
Number of pages20
JournalCretaceous Research
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coniacian
paleotemperature
shallow water
river basin
invertebrate
shell
Cretaceous
brachiopod
winter
Maastrichtian
temperature
bivalve
Valanginian
isotopic analysis
Santonian
summer
Southern Hemisphere
strait
sea ice
Northern Hemisphere

Keywords

  • Carbon isotopes
  • Cretaceous
  • Invertebrates
  • Koryak Upland
  • Oxygen isotopes
  • Palaeoproductivity
  • Palaeosalinity
  • Seasonal palaeotemperatures
  • Talovka

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Seasonal temperature fluctuations in the high northern latitudes during the Cretaceous Period : Isotopic evidence from Albian and Coniacian shallow-water invertebrates of the Talovka River Basin, Koryak Upland, Russian Far East. / Zakharov, Yuri D.; Smyshlyaeva, Olga P.; Tanabe, Kazushige; Shigeta, Yasunari; Maeda, Haruyoshi; Ignatiev, Alexander V.; Velivetskaya, Tatiana A.; Afanasyeva, Tamara B.; Popov, Alexander M.; Golozubov, Vladimir V.; Kolyada, Anatoly A.; Cherbadzhi, Anna K.; Moriya, Kazuyoshi.

In: Cretaceous Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, 02.2005, p. 113-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zakharov, YD, Smyshlyaeva, OP, Tanabe, K, Shigeta, Y, Maeda, H, Ignatiev, AV, Velivetskaya, TA, Afanasyeva, TB, Popov, AM, Golozubov, VV, Kolyada, AA, Cherbadzhi, AK & Moriya, K 2005, 'Seasonal temperature fluctuations in the high northern latitudes during the Cretaceous Period: Isotopic evidence from Albian and Coniacian shallow-water invertebrates of the Talovka River Basin, Koryak Upland, Russian Far East', Cretaceous Research, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 113-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2004.11.005
Zakharov, Yuri D. ; Smyshlyaeva, Olga P. ; Tanabe, Kazushige ; Shigeta, Yasunari ; Maeda, Haruyoshi ; Ignatiev, Alexander V. ; Velivetskaya, Tatiana A. ; Afanasyeva, Tamara B. ; Popov, Alexander M. ; Golozubov, Vladimir V. ; Kolyada, Anatoly A. ; Cherbadzhi, Anna K. ; Moriya, Kazuyoshi. / Seasonal temperature fluctuations in the high northern latitudes during the Cretaceous Period : Isotopic evidence from Albian and Coniacian shallow-water invertebrates of the Talovka River Basin, Koryak Upland, Russian Far East. In: Cretaceous Research. 2005 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 113-132.
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