Selective Formation of Alkoxychlorosilanes and Organotrialkoxysilane with Four Different Substituents by Intermolecular Exchange Reaction

Yuma Komata, Masashi Yoshikawa, Yasuhiro Tamura, Hiroaki Wada, Atsushi Shimojima, Kazuyuki Kuroda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Alkoxychlorosilanes are scientifically and industrially important toward preparing silicone and silica as well as preparation of siloxane-based nanomaterials by stepwise reactions of Si-OR (R=alkyl) and Si-Cl groups. Intermolecular exchange of alkoxy and chloro groups between alkoxysilanes and chlorosilanes (functional group exchange reaction) provides an efficient and environmentally benign route to alkoxychlorosilanes. BiCl3 as a Lewis acid catalyst can promote the functional group exchange reactions more efficiently than conventional acid catalysts. Higher reactivity has been observed for chlorosilanes with smaller numbers of Si-CH3 groups and for alkoxysilanes with larger numbers of Si-CH3 groups. The reaction mechanism is proposed and selective syntheses of alkoxychlorosilanes are demonstrated. These findings also enable us to synthesize an organotrialkoxysilane with four different substituents.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalChemistry - An Asian Journal
    DOIs
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

    Keywords

    • Alkoxysilane
    • Chlorosilane
    • Exchange reaction
    • Lewis acid
    • Selective synthesis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)

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