Self-diffusion Measurements of Liquid Sn Using the Shear Cell Technique and Stable Density Layering

Masato Shiinoki, Nao Hashimoto, Hideto Fukuda, Yuki Ando, Shinsuke Suzuki

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    Abstract

    By utilizing the shear cell technique and achieving stable density layering with the addition of an alloying element Bi, the self-diffusion coefficients of liquid Sn were measured on the ground at 573 K, 773 K, and 973 K (300 °C, 500 °C, and 700 °C). Moreover, the impurity diffusion coefficients of Bi in the liquid Sn were simultaneously measured, to confirm the suppression of natural convection. From the experimental results, natural convection was confirmed to be suppressed, given that the impurity diffusion coefficients of Bi were in good agreement with the microgravity reference data. Upon changing the amounts of added Bi within 5 at. pct Bi, the self-diffusion coefficients of liquid Sn did not vary significantly. Moreover, the SnBi system within 5 at. pct Bi can be regarded as a dilute solution by calculating the activity of Sn in the SnBi system beforehand. The self-diffusion coefficients of the liquid Sn were in good agreement with the power law of temperature dependence from the microgravity reference data. After confirming the suppression of natural convection and that the SnBi system is a dilute solution, the self-diffusion coefficient of liquid Sn was determined as 5.00 ± 0.16 × 10−9 m2 s−1 at 773 K (500 °C). The effectiveness of the experimental method used in this study for the measurement of the self-diffusion coefficients was confirmed, under the condition that the liquid system could be regarded as a dilute solution.

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Materials Chemistry

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