Self-optimized superconductivity attainable by interlayer phase separation at cuprate interfaces

Takahiro Misawa, Yusuke Nomura, Silke Biermann, Masatoshi Imada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stabilizing superconductivity at high temperatures and elucidating its mechanism have long been major challenges of materials research in condensed matter physics. Meanwhile, recent progress in nanostructuring offers unprecedented possibilities for designing novel functionalities. Above all, thin films of cuprate and iron-based high-temperature superconductors exhibit remarkably better superconducting characteristics (for example, higher critical temperatures) than in the bulk, but the underlying mechanism is still not understood. Solving microscopic models suitable for cuprates, we demonstrate that, at an interface between a Mott insulator and an overdoped nonsuperconducting metal, the superconducting amplitude is always pinned at the optimum achieved in the bulk, independently of the carrier concentration in the metal. This is in contrast to the dome-like dependence in bulk superconductors but consistent with the astonishing independence of the critical temperature from the carrier density x observed at the interfaces of La 2 CuO 4 and La 2x Sr x CuO 4 . Furthermore, we identify a self-organization mechanism as responsible for the pinning at the optimum amplitude: An emergent electronic structure induced by interlayer phase separation eludes bulk phase separation and inhomogeneities that would kill superconductivity in the bulk. Thus, interfaces provide an ideal tool to enhance and stabilize superconductivity. This interfacial example opens up further ways of shaping superconductivity by suppressing competing instabilities, with direct perspectives for designing devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1600664
JournalScience Advances
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Temperature
Metals
Physics
Superconductivity
Iron
Equipment and Supplies
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Self-optimized superconductivity attainable by interlayer phase separation at cuprate interfaces. / Misawa, Takahiro; Nomura, Yusuke; Biermann, Silke; Imada, Masatoshi.

In: Science Advances, Vol. 2, No. 7, e1600664, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Misawa, Takahiro ; Nomura, Yusuke ; Biermann, Silke ; Imada, Masatoshi. / Self-optimized superconductivity attainable by interlayer phase separation at cuprate interfaces. In: Science Advances. 2016 ; Vol. 2, No. 7.
@article{e541d9976c814f49848c7adab7794ec7,
title = "Self-optimized superconductivity attainable by interlayer phase separation at cuprate interfaces",
abstract = "Stabilizing superconductivity at high temperatures and elucidating its mechanism have long been major challenges of materials research in condensed matter physics. Meanwhile, recent progress in nanostructuring offers unprecedented possibilities for designing novel functionalities. Above all, thin films of cuprate and iron-based high-temperature superconductors exhibit remarkably better superconducting characteristics (for example, higher critical temperatures) than in the bulk, but the underlying mechanism is still not understood. Solving microscopic models suitable for cuprates, we demonstrate that, at an interface between a Mott insulator and an overdoped nonsuperconducting metal, the superconducting amplitude is always pinned at the optimum achieved in the bulk, independently of the carrier concentration in the metal. This is in contrast to the dome-like dependence in bulk superconductors but consistent with the astonishing independence of the critical temperature from the carrier density x observed at the interfaces of La 2 CuO 4 and La 2 − x Sr x CuO 4 . Furthermore, we identify a self-organization mechanism as responsible for the pinning at the optimum amplitude: An emergent electronic structure induced by interlayer phase separation eludes bulk phase separation and inhomogeneities that would kill superconductivity in the bulk. Thus, interfaces provide an ideal tool to enhance and stabilize superconductivity. This interfacial example opens up further ways of shaping superconductivity by suppressing competing instabilities, with direct perspectives for designing devices.",
author = "Takahiro Misawa and Yusuke Nomura and Silke Biermann and Masatoshi Imada",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1126/sciadv.1600664",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
journal = "Science advances",
issn = "2375-2548",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-optimized superconductivity attainable by interlayer phase separation at cuprate interfaces

AU - Misawa, Takahiro

AU - Nomura, Yusuke

AU - Biermann, Silke

AU - Imada, Masatoshi

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Stabilizing superconductivity at high temperatures and elucidating its mechanism have long been major challenges of materials research in condensed matter physics. Meanwhile, recent progress in nanostructuring offers unprecedented possibilities for designing novel functionalities. Above all, thin films of cuprate and iron-based high-temperature superconductors exhibit remarkably better superconducting characteristics (for example, higher critical temperatures) than in the bulk, but the underlying mechanism is still not understood. Solving microscopic models suitable for cuprates, we demonstrate that, at an interface between a Mott insulator and an overdoped nonsuperconducting metal, the superconducting amplitude is always pinned at the optimum achieved in the bulk, independently of the carrier concentration in the metal. This is in contrast to the dome-like dependence in bulk superconductors but consistent with the astonishing independence of the critical temperature from the carrier density x observed at the interfaces of La 2 CuO 4 and La 2 − x Sr x CuO 4 . Furthermore, we identify a self-organization mechanism as responsible for the pinning at the optimum amplitude: An emergent electronic structure induced by interlayer phase separation eludes bulk phase separation and inhomogeneities that would kill superconductivity in the bulk. Thus, interfaces provide an ideal tool to enhance and stabilize superconductivity. This interfacial example opens up further ways of shaping superconductivity by suppressing competing instabilities, with direct perspectives for designing devices.

AB - Stabilizing superconductivity at high temperatures and elucidating its mechanism have long been major challenges of materials research in condensed matter physics. Meanwhile, recent progress in nanostructuring offers unprecedented possibilities for designing novel functionalities. Above all, thin films of cuprate and iron-based high-temperature superconductors exhibit remarkably better superconducting characteristics (for example, higher critical temperatures) than in the bulk, but the underlying mechanism is still not understood. Solving microscopic models suitable for cuprates, we demonstrate that, at an interface between a Mott insulator and an overdoped nonsuperconducting metal, the superconducting amplitude is always pinned at the optimum achieved in the bulk, independently of the carrier concentration in the metal. This is in contrast to the dome-like dependence in bulk superconductors but consistent with the astonishing independence of the critical temperature from the carrier density x observed at the interfaces of La 2 CuO 4 and La 2 − x Sr x CuO 4 . Furthermore, we identify a self-organization mechanism as responsible for the pinning at the optimum amplitude: An emergent electronic structure induced by interlayer phase separation eludes bulk phase separation and inhomogeneities that would kill superconductivity in the bulk. Thus, interfaces provide an ideal tool to enhance and stabilize superconductivity. This interfacial example opens up further ways of shaping superconductivity by suppressing competing instabilities, with direct perspectives for designing devices.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020319108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020319108&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/sciadv.1600664

DO - 10.1126/sciadv.1600664

M3 - Article

C2 - 27482542

AN - SCOPUS:85020319108

VL - 2

JO - Science advances

JF - Science advances

SN - 2375-2548

IS - 7

M1 - e1600664

ER -