Semantic ambiguity and the process of generating meaning from print

Penny M. Pexman, Yasushi Hino, Stephen J. Lupker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An ambiguity disadvantage (slower responses for ambiguous words, e.g., bank, than for unambiguous words) has been reported in semantic tasks (L. R. Gottlob, S. D. Goldinger, G. O. Stone, & G. C. Van Orden, 1999; Y. Hino, S. J. Lupker, & P. M. Pexman, 2002; C. D. Piercey & S. Joordens, 2000) and has been attributed to the meaning activation process. The authors tested an alternative explanation: The ambiguity disadvantage arises from the decision-making process in semantic tasks. The authors examined effects of ambiguity on unrelated trials in a relatedness decision task, because these trials are free from response competition created by ambiguous words on related trials. Results showed no ambiguity effect on unrelated trials (Experiments 2, 3c, and 5c) and an ambiguity disadvantage on related trials (Experiments 3a, 3b, 5a, and 5b).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1252-1270
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov
Externally publishedYes

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Semantics
semantics
Decision Making
experiment
decision-making process
activation
bank
Experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Semantic ambiguity and the process of generating meaning from print. / Pexman, Penny M.; Hino, Yasushi; Lupker, Stephen J.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 30, No. 6, 11.2004, p. 1252-1270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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