Separation of different sized nanoparticles with time using a rotational flow

Bong Hyun Kwon, Hyung Hoon Kim, Jae Hyeong Park, Donghyun Yoon, Moon Chan Kim, Steve Sheard, Karl Morten, Jeung Sang Go

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we describe the development of a microfluidic centrifuge with two inlets and two outlets potentially capable of rapidly separating nanoparticles and nanovesicles. Compared with the microfluidic centrifuge with a single inlet and outlet, the 2 × 2 microfluidic centrifuge gives improved centrifugation performance by increasing momentum flux transfer, angular velocity, and centrifugal acceleration. The center of flow rotation and the symmetry of the horizontal velocity in the microchamber were examined numerically. On the basis of the determined maximum velocity, the angular velocity and centrifugal acceleration were also evaluated. The centrifugation time of three different nanoparticles was examined by calculating the time when the nanoparticles left the microchamber for the first time. For visual observation and quantitative measurement of nanoparticle centrifugation, a 2microfluidic centrifuge was fabricated and the experimental results demonstrate similar physical behavior to those of a mechanical centrifuge. On the basis of a comparison of the centrifugation time of two different nanoparticle populations of 300 and 700nm in diameter, we propose that nanoparticles of different sizes can be physically separated by time under a range of inlet volume flow rates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number026601
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb

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rotational flow
Rotational flow
centrifuges
Centrifuges
Centrifugation
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Microfluidics
Angular velocity
outlets
angular velocity
visual observation
Momentum
flow velocity
Flow rate
Fluxes
momentum
symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Separation of different sized nanoparticles with time using a rotational flow. / Kwon, Bong Hyun; Kim, Hyung Hoon; Park, Jae Hyeong; Yoon, Donghyun; Kim, Moon Chan; Sheard, Steve; Morten, Karl; Go, Jeung Sang.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 52, No. 2, 026601, 02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwon, Bong Hyun ; Kim, Hyung Hoon ; Park, Jae Hyeong ; Yoon, Donghyun ; Kim, Moon Chan ; Sheard, Steve ; Morten, Karl ; Go, Jeung Sang. / Separation of different sized nanoparticles with time using a rotational flow. In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 52, No. 2.
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