Separation of solid impurity by melt crystallization of aluminum nitrate nonahydrate

M. Kumashiro, T. Hoshino, Y. Izumi, Y. Fujita, I. Hirasawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of melt crystallization on inorganic hydrate for purification of crystals containing liquid and solid impurities was investigated. Melt crystallization is generally applied to purify organic crystals. In the case of inorganic crystals, it is cost-ineffective because of the higher melting point. However, some inorganic crystals, i.e., hydrate crystals, can be applied to melt crystallization because of the lower melting point. Hydrate crystals containing impurities were prepared and melt crystallization was carried out to investigate the purification mechanism on inorganic crystals. Liquid impurity in target crystals was removed by sweating and washing with melt. Solid impurity was also separated with melt flow, supported by mixing operations. It was considered that the purification mechanism is differently dependent on the state of impurity. Melt crystallization is a significant process for improving the purity of crystals. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of melt crystallization on inorganic hydrate for purification of crystals, including liquid and solid impurity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-529
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Inorganic hydrate
  • Melt crystallization
  • Separation
  • Solid impurity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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