Sequence and branching distribution of ethylene/1-butene copolymers prepared with a soluble vanadium-based Ziegler-Natta catalyst

Nobuyuki Kuroda, Yoshinori Nishikitani, Kazuo Matsuura, Noboru Ikegami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The theoretical relations between 13C NMR line intensities and the triad distributions of ethylene/1-butene copolymer containing 1-butene units incorporated by primary and secondary insertion (B, B*) were derived. On the basis of these relations, the triad distributions of ethylene/1-butene copolymer prepared with a soluble vanadium-based Ziegler-Natta catalytic system VOCl3/Al2(C2H5)2Cl3 were determined by 13C NMR measurements. Conditional probabilities (PEE, PEE, PEB+, PBE, PBB, PBB-, PB,E, PB,B,)1 mole fractions of comonomers (E, B, B*), and products of reactivity ratios (rEBrEB, rEB+rB+E) were calculated from the triad distributions observed. The analysis of these values suggests that the copolymer has an alternating-type sequence distribution and 80% of 1-butene units in copolymer follow the primary insertion. It is also suggested that this catalyst has one type of active site. The latter result was confirmed by comparison of the branching distribution of copolymer determined by temperature-rising elution fractionation (TREF) with that of copolymer model calculated theoretically on the assumption that the catalyst has only one type of active site. These results are distinct from those of a heterogeneous titanium-based SiO2-supported catalytic system of TiCl2/Al(C2H5)3. The latter catalyst has multiple active sites which form copolymers having 1-butene units incorporated by primary insertion and a nearly Bernoullian sequence distribution. It is suggested that the simultaneous use of 12C NMR and TREF can enlighten the copolymer structure and the nature of the active sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2820-2827
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume25
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vanadium
Butenes
Ethylene
Copolymers
Catalysts
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Fractionation
ethylene
1-butene
Titanium
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Sequence and branching distribution of ethylene/1-butene copolymers prepared with a soluble vanadium-based Ziegler-Natta catalyst. / Kuroda, Nobuyuki; Nishikitani, Yoshinori; Matsuura, Kazuo; Ikegami, Noboru.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 25, No. 11, 01.01.1992, p. 2820-2827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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