Although luminescence imaging of water during irradiation by particle ions is a promising method for dose estimation, it has only been tried for static images in which temporal information is not included. In addition to the positional distribution of the beam, temporal information is also important because the beams from a synchrotron-based therapy system have short pulse shapes called spills. The temporal information is also important for high dose rate, short-time radiotherapy, or so-called FLASH radiotherapy. To measure the particle ion beam distributions with precise temporal information, we conducted short time sequential luminescence imaging of protons. First, we measured short time sequential luminescence images during irradiation of a water phantom by 150-MeV protons using a cooled charge-coupled device (CCD) camera at 0.143-s intervals. With this imaging, the images showed beam distributions, but the shapes of the spill were not precisely evaluated in time intensity curves due to the insufficient sampling rate of the imaging. Then we measured short time sequential optical images with 0.053-s intervals. With this imaging, the images showed that the beam distributions in the spill shape could be measured, but the image and depth profiles evaluated from the images were noisy due to the insufficient light intensity. Consequently, we measured short time sequential luminescence images during irradiation of fluorescein (FS) water by 150-MeV protons. Since FS water produced ∼10 times higher luminescence, we could obtain high-intensity images enabling us to evaluate the time intensity curves based on the shape of the spills during measurement with 0.053-s intervals. The depth profiles of the beam were also obtained from the measured images. With these results, we confirmed that time sequential luminescence imaging was possible and, in such cases, FS water images measured at 0.053-s intervals are most promising to measure the short time sequential luminescence images during irradiation of protons.
- Heavy-ion detectors
- Instrumentation for hadron therapy
- Instrumentation for heavy-ion accelerators
- Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematical Physics