This study investigates methods to analyze Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) signals generated from water immersed deep-sea hydrothermal deposits irradiated by a long pulse (>100 ns) that are analyzed using Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). ANNs require large amounts of training data to be effective. For this reason, we propose methods to preprocess full-field spectral signals into an appropriate form for ANNs artificially increase the amount of training data. The ANN was trained using a dataset of signals from immersed pelletized hydrothermal deposit samples that were preprocessed using the proposed method. The proposed method improved the accuracy of identification from 82.5% to 90.1% and significantly increased the speed of learning. The result shows that the ANN can be used to construct a generic method to identify hydrothermal deposits by long pulse underwater LIBS signals without the need for explicit peak detection.
- Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs)
- Chemical analysis
- Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
- Signal processing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics