A new method for electroplating Si using a water-soluble KF-KCl molten salt electrolyte and high-purity gaseous SiCl4 has been proposed. To gain a fundamental understanding of the process, the electrodeposition of Si from Si(IV) complex ions on a Ag electrode in a molten KF-KCl-K2SiF6 system was investigated by cyclic voltammetry at 923 K. The reduction of Si(IV) ions to metallic Si was observed as a single 4-electron wave, which is explained by an EqEr (quasireversible-reversible electron transfer reactions) mechanism. The diffusion coefficient of the Si(IV) ions in the electrolyte was determined to be 3.2 × 10-5 cm2 s-1 at 923 K by chronoamperometry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry