Silicon surface modification with trialkoxysilyl-functionalized star-shaped polymers

Kalpana Viswanathan, Timothy Edward Long, Thomas C. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of trimethoxysilane end-capped linear polystyrene (PS) and star-branched PS and subsequent silicon (Si) surface modification with linear and star polymers are described. Trimethoxysilane terminated PS was synthesized using sec-butyl lithium initiated anionic polymerization of styrene and subsequent end-capping of the living anions with p-chloromethylphenyl trimethoxysilane (CMPTMS). 1H and 29Si NMR spectroscopy confirmed the successful end-capping of polystyryllithium with the trimethoxysilane functional group. The effect of a molar excess of end-capper on the efficiency of functionalization was also investigated, and the required excess increased for higher molar mass oligomers. Acid catalyzed hydrolysis and condensation of the trimethoxysilane end-groups resulted in star-branched PS, and NMR spectroscopy and SEC analysis were used to characterize the star polymers. This is the first report of core-functionalized star-shaped polymers as surface modifiers and the first comparative study showing differences in surface topography between star and linear polymer modified surfaces. Surface-sensitive techniques such as ellipsometry, contact angle goniometry, and AFM were used to confirm the attachment of star PS, as well as to compare the characteristics of the star and linear PS modified Si surfaces. The polymer film properties were referenced to polymer dimensions in dilute solution, which revealed that linear PS chains were in the intermediate brush regime and the star-branched PS produced a surface with covalently attached chains in the mushroom regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3655-3666
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume43
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Silicon
Polystyrenes
Stars
Surface treatment
Polymers
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Styrene
Anionic polymerization
Molar mass
Ellipsometry
Surface topography
Brushes
Lithium
Oligomers
Polymer films
Functional groups
Contact angle
Anions
Condensation
Hydrolysis

Keywords

  • Anionic polymerization
  • Hydrolysis and condensation
  • Polymer mushrooms and brushes
  • Star polymers
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Silicon surface modification with trialkoxysilyl-functionalized star-shaped polymers. / Viswanathan, Kalpana; Long, Timothy Edward; Ward, Thomas C.

In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 43, No. 16, 15.08.2005, p. 3655-3666.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Viswanathan, Kalpana ; Long, Timothy Edward ; Ward, Thomas C. / Silicon surface modification with trialkoxysilyl-functionalized star-shaped polymers. In: Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry. 2005 ; Vol. 43, No. 16. pp. 3655-3666.
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