Similarities between change of body fat with age and physical fitness and motor ability development derived from mutual correlation function-analysis on boys during school age-

Takaaki Mishima, Katsunori Fujii, Eiji Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Seki

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Abstract

The relationship between body fat growth and physical fitness and motor ability devel-opment in school age children is not well understood. We determined the similarities and differences in body fat growth and physical fitness and motor ability development curves by applying cross cor-relation functions, and attempted to show the structure of growth and development between these attributes. The subjects were 647 boys aged 7 to 15 years. The measurements were height, weight, body mass index and body fat percentage as physical characters; and 20-m sprint, Pro Agility test, side steps, standing long jump, vertical jump, and rebound jump (RJ) index as physical fitness and motor ability. The wavelet interpolation method was applied to growth and distance values for phy-sique, body fat and physical fitness and motor ability, and growth and development curves were de-rived. Cross correlation functions were then applied to the respective pairs of the compared velocity curves. There were large changes in the behavior of the growth velocity curve around the take off age for height, and so the relationship between body fat percentage and physical fitness and motor ability was investigated using the respective cross correlation functions around the take off age. Be-fore the take off age, positive correlations were seen between body fat percentage and physical fit-ness and physical fitness and motor ability except for the RJ index. After the take off age, in contrast, there were negative correlations between body fat percentage and physical fitness and motor ability except for the RJ index. These results show the new finding that after the take off age in boys, there are contrary similarity between body fat and speed, agility, and instantaneous force.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Volume61
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr

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Keywords

  • Body fat
  • Mutual correlation function
  • Physical fitness and motor fitness
  • Wavelet interpo-lation method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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