Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses

Myoshi Toda, Shingo Takahashi

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Currently observed escalator usage in Japan is to stand on one side, which is considered as a social norm. Originally, escalator usage in Japan took the form of 'standing on both sides.' Hence escalator usage norms have changed over time. For mainly safety reasons, efforts have been made to establish 'standing on both sides' as the social norm for escalator usage. The efforts, however, have not been effective as yet and most people still 'stand on one side' when they use an escalator. This paper develops an agent-based model to reproduce the current situation observed in escalator usage expressed like in a game for extensive form and to analyze possible causes as to why 'standing on one side' has been established as the current norm based on three hypotheses and finally to examine the effectiveness of measures for changing the current norm.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages1156-1161
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)9781538666500
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 16
    Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018 - Miyazaki, Japan
    Duration: 2018 Oct 72018 Oct 10

    Publication series

    NameProceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018

    Conference

    Conference2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018
    CountryJapan
    CityMiyazaki
    Period18/10/718/10/10

    Fingerprint

    Escalators
    Elevators and Escalators
    Japan
    Social Norms
    Social norms
    Simulation analysis
    Safety

    Keywords

    • agent-based modeling and simulation
    • escalator usage
    • social norm

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Information Systems
    • Information Systems and Management
    • Health Informatics
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Computer Networks and Communications
    • Human-Computer Interaction

    Cite this

    Toda, M., & Takahashi, S. (2019). Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses. In Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018 (pp. 1156-1161). [8616200] (Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2018.00204

    Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses. / Toda, Myoshi; Takahashi, Shingo.

    Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. p. 1156-1161 8616200 (Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Toda, M & Takahashi, S 2019, Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses. in Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018., 8616200, Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 1156-1161, 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018, Miyazaki, Japan, 18/10/7. https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2018.00204
    Toda M, Takahashi S. Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses. In Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. p. 1156-1161. 8616200. (Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018). https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2018.00204
    Toda, Myoshi ; Takahashi, Shingo. / Simulation Analysis of Social Norm Formation in Escalator Uses. Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. pp. 1156-1161 (Proceedings - 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2018).
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